Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) — January 1992
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 17, no. 1 (January 1992)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Klyuchevskoy (Russia) Explosions feed small ash plumes
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1992. Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 17:1. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199201-300260.
56.056°N, 160.642°E; summit elev. 4754 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Distinct, single explosions produced ash columns rising 1,000 m on 25-26 January. Although the volcano was not visible from the ground on 27-29 January, a 29 January Space Shuttle photograph showed a steam plume rising from the apparently ash-covered summit region. Earthquake swarms had been recorded in the vicinity of the volcano since the beginning of January.
Geologic Background. Klyuchevskoy (also spelled Kliuchevskoi) is Kamchatka's highest and most active volcano. Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. It rises above a saddle NE of sharp-peaked Kamen volcano and lies SE of the broad Ushkovsky massif. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring along radial fissures between the unconfined NE-to-SE flanks of the conical volcano between 500 m and 3600 m elevation. The morphology of the 700-m-wide summit crater has been frequently modified by historical eruptions, which have been recorded since the late-17th century. Historical eruptions have originated primarily from the summit crater, but have also included numerous major explosive and effusive eruptions from flank craters.
Information Contacts: A. Ovsiannikov, E. Zhdanova, and S. Zharinov, IVGG; C. Evans, Lockheed, Houston.