Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea) — December 1992
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 17, no. 12 (December 1992)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland
Langila (Papua New Guinea) Ash ejection and glow
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1992. Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 17:12. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199212-252010.
Papua New Guinea
5.525°S, 148.42°E; summit elev. 1330 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Moderate eruptive activity continued at Langila during December. Emissions from Crater 2 throughout the month consisted of weak-to-moderate white vapour-and-ash clouds, accompanied by occasional forceful emission of thick dark-grey and brown ash plumes rising several kilometers above the summit. Fine ashfalls were reported on 4, 12, 19, and 25 December to the N and SE of the volcano. Weak explosion sounds were heard at the observation post (10 km away) throughout the last 3 weeks of the month. Steady, weak crater glow was seen on 5, 7, 19-20, and 22 December.
"Activity at Crater 3 was similar to that in November. Emissions consisted of weak-to-moderate white-grey vapour-and-ash clouds. Thick grey and brown plumes were forcefully emitted on 1, 6, and 10 December. Blue vapour was also intermittently released. Weak explosion and rumbling noises were heard on the 5th-7th. There was no night glow visible throughout the month.
"Seismicity increased slightly during the month and continued to reflect the eruptive activity at Crater 2. On average, 31 explosion earthquakes/day were recorded . . . ."
Geologic Background. Langila, one of the most active volcanoes of New Britain, consists of a group of four small overlapping composite basaltic-andesitic cones on the lower eastern flank of the extinct Talawe volcano. Talawe is the highest volcano in the Cape Gloucester area of NW New Britain. A rectangular, 2.5-km-long crater is breached widely to the SE; Langila volcano was constructed NE of the breached crater of Talawe. An extensive lava field reaches the coast on the north and NE sides of Langila. Frequent mild-to-moderate explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, have been recorded since the 19th century from three active craters at the summit of Langila. The youngest and smallest crater (no. 3 crater) was formed in 1960 and has a diameter of 150 m.
Information Contacts: H. Patia and B. Talai, RVO.