Report on Poas (Costa Rica) — March 1993

Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 18, no. 3 (March 1993)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke

Poas (Costa Rica) Gas columns to 500 m; gradual deflation

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1993. Report on Poas (Costa Rica). In: Venzke, E (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 18:3. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199303-345040.

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Poas

Costa Rica

10.2°N, 84.233°W; summit elev. 2708 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


Fumarolic activity in the N part of the crater lake continued as gas columns rose 500 m, one of them producing a jet-like noise that could be heard at the observation site, 1 km S of the active crater. The turquoise-green lake had a temperature of 67°C and contained floating patches of sulfur. Plumes to 1 m rose from sporadic phreatic eruptions in the central and SE portions of the lake.

During March, the seismic station 2.5 km SW of the main crater recorded 4,825 low-frequency events, an average of 156 events/day (figure 43). An earthquake of M 2.3, located 6 km SW of the main crater at 9 km depth, occurred on 25 March at 0813 GMT.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 43. Seismic events/day recorded 2.5 km SW of the main crater of Poás, March 1993. Courtesy of OVSICORI.

A precise level line running 1.8 km S down the main edifice from the observation site showed possible deflation since June 1992. Measurements at a dry-tilt site also indicated deflation. EDM measurements to the inner cone have not significantly changed since January 1991.

Geologic Background. The broad, well-vegetated edifice of Poás, one of the most active volcanoes of Costa Rica, contains three craters along a N-S line. The frequently visited multi-hued summit crater lakes of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano, which is one of Costa Rica's most prominent natural landmarks, are easily accessible by vehicle from the nearby capital city of San José. A N-S-trending fissure cutting the 2708-m-high complex stratovolcano extends to the lower northern flank, where it has produced the Congo stratovolcano and several lake-filled maars. The southernmost of the two summit crater lakes, Botos, is cold and clear and last erupted about 7500 years ago. The more prominent geothermally heated northern lake, Laguna Caliente, is one of the world's most acidic natural lakes, with a pH of near zero. It has been the site of frequent phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions since the first historical eruption was reported in 1828. Eruptions often include geyser-like ejections of crater-lake water.

Information Contacts: E. Fernández, J. Barquero, V. Barboza, T. Marino, R. Van der Laat, F. de Obaldía, and R. Sáenz, OVSICORI.