Logo link to homepage

Report on Kelimutu (Indonesia) — June 1993

Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 20, no. 6 (June 1993)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke.

Kelimutu (Indonesia) Increased seismicity for three months

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1993. Report on Kelimutu (Indonesia). In: Venzke, E (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 20:6. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199306-264140.

Volcano Profile |  Complete Bulletin



8.77°S, 121.82°E; summit elev. 1639 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

[Seismicity rose during February-April 1993, with 318 deep and 196 shallow earthquakes, but declined in June (VSI, 1993a).] (originally in 20:06)

Reference. Volcanological Survey of Indonesia, 1993a, Kelimutu Volcano: Journal of Volcanic Activity in Indonesia, v. 1:1/2, p. 14.

Geologic Background. Kelimutu is a small, but well-known, Indonesian volcano in central Flores Island with three summit crater lakes of varying colors. The western lake, Tiwi Ata Mbupu (Lake of Old People) is commonly blue. Tiwu Nua Muri Kooh Tai (Lake of Young Men and Maidens) and Tiwu Ata Polo (Bewitched, or Enchanted Lake), which share a common crater wall, are commonly green- and red-colored, respectively, although lake colors vary periodically. Active upwelling, probably fed by subaqueous fumaroles, occurs at the two eastern lakes. The scenic lakes are a popular tourist destination and have been the source of minor phreatic eruptions in historical time. The summit of the compound 1639-m-high Kelimutu volcano is elongated 2 km in a WNW-ESE direction; the older cones of Kelido and Kelibara are located respectively 3 km to the north and 2 km to the south.

Information Contacts: VSI.