Report on Soputan (Indonesia) — August 1994
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 19, no. 8 (August 1994)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman
Soputan (Indonesia) Lava dome and fumarole descriptions
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1994. Report on Soputan (Indonesia). In: Wunderman, R (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 19:8. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199408-266030.
1.112°N, 124.737°E; summit elev. 1785 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The EVS mounted an expedition to visit N Sulawesi volcanoes in July. They found that the morphology of Soputan's lava dome suggested continued endogenous growth. Some other parts of their Soputan report follow.
"Many fumaroles rose in different parts of the dome, mainly in its central part and in the space between the dome's foot and the crater wall. The summit area of the dome was strewn with chaotic blocks covered by white and yellow sulfur deposits. Two other fumarolic fields were located on the SW and W parts of the lava dome. Temperature measurements showed a maximum of 140°C; gases mainly consisted of H2S, SO2, and CO2."
Geologic Background. The Soputan stratovolcano on the southern rim of the Quaternary Tondano caldera on the northern arm of Sulawesi Island is one of Sulawesi's most active volcanoes. The youthful, largely unvegetated volcano rises to 1784 m and is located SW of Riendengan-Sempu, which some workers have included with Soputan and Manimporok (3.5 km ESE) as a volcanic complex. It was constructed at the southern end of a SSW-NNE trending line of vents. During historical time the locus of eruptions has included both the summit crater and Aeseput, a prominent NE-flank vent that formed in 1906 and was the source of intermittent major lava flows until 1924.
Information Contacts: H. Gaudru, C. Pittet, M. Auber, C. Bopp, and O. Saudan, EVS, Switzerland.