Report on Soputan (Indonesia) — January 1996
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 21, no. 1 (January 1996)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Soputan (Indonesia) Vapor emission and intense tremor; possible high ash
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1996. Report on Soputan (Indonesia). In: Wunderman, R (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 21:1. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199601-266030.
1.112°N, 124.737°E; summit elev. 1785 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Activity in late 1995 consisted of whitish vapor emission to 25-100 m above the summit. During November occasional volcanic tremors were recorded with a maximum amplitude of 1.5 mm. Aviation reports on 7 November indicated increased eruptive activity with an ash cloud rising as high as 4.5 km altitude. Satellite imagery showed a possible ash cloud extending 90 km to the SW.
On 5 December, an increase in tremor amplitude up to 5 mm followed a tectonic earthquake felt throughout the Mimahassa Peninsula on Sulawesi. The same day maximum tremor amplitude reached 200 mm and glow was observed from three points on the lava dome. About an hour later tremor reached a maximum amplitude of 40 mm. On 6 December, tremor was still being recorded, but maximum amplitude had decreased to 2 mm.
Geologic Background. The Soputan stratovolcano on the southern rim of the Quaternary Tondano caldera on the northern arm of Sulawesi Island is one of Sulawesi's most active volcanoes. The youthful, largely unvegetated volcano rises to 1784 m and is located SW of Riendengan-Sempu, which some workers have included with Soputan and Manimporok (3.5 km ESE) as a volcanic complex. It was constructed at the southern end of a SSW-NNE trending line of vents. During historical time the locus of eruptions has included both the summit crater and Aeseput, a prominent NE-flank vent that formed in 1906 and was the source of intermittent major lava flows until 1924.
Information Contacts: Wimpy S. Tjetjep (Director), Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro 57, Bandung, Indonesia; Bureau of Meteorology, Northern Territory Regional Office, P.O. Box 735, Darwin, NT 0801 Australia.