Report on Izu-Tobu (Japan) — November 1996
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 21, no. 11 (November 1996)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Izu-Tobu (Japan) Seismic activity increases in October
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1996. Report on Izu-Tobu (Japan). In: Wunderman, R. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 21:11. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199611-283010.
34.9°N, 139.098°E; summit elev. 1406 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Seismicity increased during the night of 15 October and the Kamata seismic station in Ito City recorded 2,172 events on 16 October; a gradual decline in seismic activity then followed. The largest earthquake had M 4.1. There were five low-frequency earthquakes recorded between 18 and 20 October. The total number of earthquakes registered at Kamata station during October was 5,876. There were 218 earthquakes in November, 61 of them on 3 November.
Geologic Background. The Izu-Tobu volcano group (Higashi-Izu volcano group) is scattered over a broad, plateau-like area of more than 400 km2 on the E side of the Izu Peninsula. Construction of several stratovolcanoes continued throughout much of the Pleistocene and overlapped with growth of smaller monogenetic volcanoes beginning about 300,000 years ago. About 70 subaerial monogenetic volcanoes formed during the last 140,000 years, and chemically similar submarine cones are located offshore. These volcanoes are located on a basement of late-Tertiary volcanic rocks and related sediments and on the flanks of three Quaternary stratovolcanoes: Amagi, Tenshi, and Usami. Some eruptive vents are controlled by fissure systems trending NW-SE or NE-SW. Thirteen eruptive episodes have been documented during the past 32,000 years. Kawagodaira maar produced pyroclastic flows during the largest Holocene eruption about 3000 years ago. The latest eruption occurred in 1989, when a small submarine crater was formed NE of Ito City.
Information Contacts: Volcanological Division, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), 1-3-4 Ote-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan.