Report on Stromboli (Italy) — November 1975
Natural Science Event Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 2 (November 1975)
Managing Editor: David Squires
Stromboli (Italy) Effusive activity began on 5 November; lava reaches the northern coast
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1975. Report on Stromboli (Italy). In: Squires, D (ed.), Natural Science Event Bulletin, 1:2. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.NSEB197511-211040.
38.789°N, 15.213°E; summit elev. 924 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
For the first time since the spring of 1971, a new effusive phase began at 2030 on 5 November. Three summit craters were active, and lava flowing down the Sciara del Fuoco reached the N coast. By mid November effusive activity was decreasing below the 700 m level on the Sciara. The eruption had no adverse effects on the island's population or agriculture.
Further References. Villari, L., ed., 1980, The Aeolian Islands, an active volcanic arc in the Mediterranean Sea: Rendiconti Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., v. 36, 185 p. + refs.
Capaldi, G., and others, 1978, Stromboli and its 1975 eruption: BV, v. 41, p. 259-285.
Geologic Background. Spectacular incandescent nighttime explosions at this volcano have long attracted visitors to the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean." Stromboli, the NE-most of the Aeolian Islands, has lent its name to the frequent mild explosive activity that has characterized its eruptions throughout much of historical time. The small, 924-m-high island is the emergent summit of a volcano that grew in two main eruptive cycles, the last of which formed the western portion of the island. The Neostromboli eruptive period from about 13,000 to 5000 years ago was followed by formation of the modern Stromboli edifice. The active summit vents are located at the head of the Sciara del Fuoco, a prominent horseshoe-shaped scarp formed about 5000 years ago as a result of the most recent of a series of slope failures that extend to below sea level. The modern volcano has been constructed within this scarp, which funnels pyroclastic ejecta and lava flows to the NW. Essentially continuous mild strombolian explosions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, have been recorded for more than a millennium.
Information Contacts: G. Nappi, IIV, Catania.