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Report on Kusatsu-Shiranesan (Japan) — November 1982

Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 11 (November 1982)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Kusatsu-Shiranesan (Japan) Lake temperatures measured after explosion

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1982. Report on Kusatsu-Shiranesan (Japan). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 7:11. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198211-283120.

Volcano Profile |  Complete Bulletin


Kusatsu-Shiranesan

Japan

36.618°N, 138.528°E; summit elev. 2165 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


Temperatures measured in the lake in Yugama Crater for 6 days following the 26 October explosion [were: 14°C on 26 October, 46°C on 27 October, 55°C on 28 October, 56°C on 29 October, 48°C on 30 October, and 39°C on 31 October.]

Geologic Background. The Kusatsu-Shiranesan complex, located immediately north of Asama volcano, consists of a series of overlapping pyroclastic cones and three crater lakes. The andesitic-to-dacitic volcano was formed in three eruptive stages beginning in the early to mid-Pleistocene. The Pleistocene Oshi pyroclastic flow produced extensive welded tuffs and non-welded pumice that covers much of the E, S, and SW flanks. The latest eruptive stage began about 14,000 years ago. Historical eruptions have consisted of phreatic explosions from the acidic crater lakes or their margins. Fumaroles and hot springs that dot the flanks have strongly acidified many rivers draining from the volcano. The crater was the site of active sulfur mining for many years during the 19th and 20th centuries.

Information Contacts: Y. Sawada, Meteorological Research Institute, Ibaragi; D. Shackelford, CA.