Report on Poas (Costa Rica) — January 1983

Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 1 (January 1983)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Poas (Costa Rica) Temperature and gas data

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1983. Report on Poas (Costa Rica). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 8:1. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198301-345040.

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Poas

Costa Rica

10.2°N, 84.233°W; summit elev. 2708 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


Between 5 and 20 December 1982, a team from PIRPSEV (CNRS) and a volcanological team from the Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica sampled gases from Poás (table 2). The gas temperatures have been variable but generally decreasing: 940°C in June 1981, about 870°C between January and April 1982, about 790°C between April and November 1982, and 731°C on 17 December 1982. Since June 1981, twenty measurements have been collected from the control fissure with the aid of a silica rod of new design: the decrease in temperature at the end of the rod being only 10%. Since December 1981, the ratio S/C appeared to have stabilized at approximately 3, a higher value than in other available data.

Table 2. Average values of gases sampled at Poás, 1981-82. Late-1982 sampling was by a team from PIRPSEV (CNRS) and a volcanological team from the Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica.

[Skip text table]
    Gas      January 1982   March 1982   December 1982

    SO2 %       66.4           59.8          66.1
    CO2 %       20.11          20.9          21.8
    H2S %        0.02           0             0.246
    CO %         0.265          0.160         0.180
    CH4 %        --             --            --
    H2 %        13.1           13.5          11.5
    He ppm     128             40            38

Geologic Background. The broad, well-vegetated edifice of Poás, one of the most active volcanoes of Costa Rica, contains three craters along a N-S line. The frequently visited multi-hued summit crater lakes of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano, which is one of Costa Rica's most prominent natural landmarks, are easily accessible by vehicle from the nearby capital city of San José. A N-S-trending fissure cutting the 2708-m-high complex stratovolcano extends to the lower northern flank, where it has produced the Congo stratovolcano and several lake-filled maars. The southernmost of the two summit crater lakes, Botos, is cold and clear and last erupted about 7500 years ago. The more prominent geothermally heated northern lake, Laguna Caliente, is one of the world's most acidic natural lakes, with a pH of near zero. It has been the site of frequent phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions since the first historical eruption was reported in 1828. Eruptions often include geyser-like ejections of crater-lake water.

Information Contacts: J. Cheminée, IPG, Paris, M. Javoy, H. Delorme, Univ. de Paris.