Report on Veniaminof (United States) — May 1984
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 9, no. 5 (May 1984)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland
Veniaminof (United States) Vapor plumes but no ash or incandescence
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1984. Report on Veniaminof (United States). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 9:5. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198405-312070.
56.17°N, 159.38°W; summit elev. 2507 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Only weak activity at Veniaminof was observed by Perryville residents between late April and late May. No ash was seen in the plume after 17 April. Small white vapor plumes were visible 9 and 16 May and a larger white plume was noted on the 19th. During some periods of clear weather, no plume was seen. No glow was evident through the period.
Geologic Background. Massive Veniaminof volcano, one of the highest and largest volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula, is truncated by a steep-walled, 8 x 11 km, glacier-filled caldera that formed around 3700 years ago. The caldera rim is up to 520 m high on the north, is deeply notched on the west by Cone Glacier, and is covered by an ice sheet on the south. Post-caldera vents are located along a NW-SE zone bisecting the caldera that extends 55 km from near the Bering Sea coast, across the caldera, and down the Pacific flank. Historical eruptions probably all originated from the westernmost and most prominent of two intra-caldera cones, which rises about 300 m above the surrounding icefield. The other cone is larger, and has a summit crater or caldera that may reach 2.5 km in diameter, but is more subdued and barely rises above the glacier surface.
Information Contacts: M.E. Yount, USGS, Anchorage.