Report on Reventador (Ecuador) — 30 July-5 August 2014
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 30 July-5 August 2014
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2014. Report on Reventador (Ecuador). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 30 July-5 August 2014. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
0.077°S, 77.656°W; summit elev. 3562 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
IG reported moderate volcanic activity including explosions, long period earthquakes, harmonic tremor, and tremor at Reventador during 30 July-5 August. On most days IG reported inclement weather with intermittent views of steam-and-ash plumes that rose above the crater and drifted W. On 2 August IG noted a steam-and-ash plume rose 2 km above the crater accompanied by seven emission tremor events. On 31 July Washington VAAC reported on-going ash emissions and detected hotspots at the crater.
Geologic Background. Reventador is the most frequently active of a chain of Ecuadorian volcanoes in the Cordillera Real, well east of the principal volcanic axis. The forested, dominantly andesitic Volcán El Reventador stratovolcano rises to 3562 m above the jungles of the western Amazon basin. A 4-km-wide caldera widely breached to the east was formed by edifice collapse and is partially filled by a young, unvegetated stratovolcano that rises about 1300 m above the caldera floor to a height comparable to the caldera rim. It has been the source of numerous lava flows as well as explosive eruptions that were visible from Quito in historical time. Frequent lahars in this region of heavy rainfall have constructed a debris plain on the eastern floor of the caldera. The largest historical eruption took place in 2002, producing a 17-km-high eruption column, pyroclastic flows that traveled up to 8 km, and lava flows from summit and flank vents.