Calatrava Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.87°N
  • 4.02°W

  • 1117 m
    3664 ft

  • 210040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Calatrava Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Calatrava Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Calatrava Volcanic Field.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
3600 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Columba

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


Columba volcano, the youngest dated vent of the dominantly Pliocene Calatrava volcanic field, rises above the Jabalón reservoir. The massive volcanic field covers an area of more than 5000 sq km and contains more than 300 pyroclastic cones, maars, and lava domes. The Calatrava volcanic field is mostly of Pliocene or late-Pleistocene age, although late-stage phreatomagmatic activity at Columba volcano was dated at the mid-Holocene. Fumarolic activity was recorded in the Sierra de Valenzuela area during the 16th-18th centuries.

Photo by Rafael Becerra Ramírez, 2006 (Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Calatrava Volcanic Field in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites