Vulsini

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 42.6°N
  • 11.93°E

  • 800 m
    2624 ft

  • 211003
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Vulsini.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Vulsini.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Vulsini.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0104 BCE Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


Geologists examine a quarry in a post-caldera cone of the Vulsini volcanic complex. The base of the quarry exposes thick, red-colored scoria deposits produced by strombolian eruptions that built a cinder cone. These are overlain by bedded, yellowish pyroclastic-surge deposits.

Photo by Richard Waitt, 1985 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
The 16-km-wide Bolsena caldera, filled by the waters of Lago di Bolsena, is the most prominent feature of the Vulsini volcanic complex NW of Rome. The 2000 sq km volcanic complex also includes the Latera caldera to the west. Both calderas were formed during the Pleistocene. Post-caldera eruptions produced scoria cones, lava flows, and youthful-looking, ash-cone islands in Lago di Bolsena that may have given origin to legends of a fire god.

Photo by Richard Waitt, 1985 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
The small Amiata lava-dome complex (just right of the center of this image), is located about 20 km NW of Lake Bolsena (left-center) in the southern Tuscany region of Italy. Viscous lava flows can be seen descending the flanks of the complex in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the lower right). The largest of the domes is 1738-m-high Monte Amiata (La Vetta). No eruptive activity has occurred at Amiata during the Holocene, but thermal activity continues at a producing geothermal field.

NASA Space Station image ISS008-E-7007, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
The small Amiata lava-dome complex (just right of the center of this image), is located about 20 km NW of Lake Bolsena (left-center) in the southern Tuscany region of Italy. Viscous lava flows can be seen descending the flanks of the complex in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the lower right). The largest of the domes is 1738-m-high Monte Amiata (La Vetta). No eruptive activity has occurred at Amiata during the Holocene, but thermal activity continues at a producing geothermal field.

NASA Space Station image ISS008-E-7007, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
Three large calderas are seen in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left) of the Vulsini volcanic complex in central Italy. The 16-km-wide Lake Bolsena (left-center) was formed during major Pleistocene explosive eruptions at about 0.3 years ago and the 8 x 11 km wide Latera caldera (below and to the left of Bolsena) about 0.16 million years ago. Post-caldera volcanism produced scoria cones and lava flows (lower left) until subrecent times. Pleistocene Lake Vico in the Cimini Mountains lies at the right-center.

NASA Space Station image ISS006-E-36701, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
Two calderas are seen in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left) of the Vulsini volcanic complex. The 16-km-wide Lake Bolesena (left-center) was formed following major Pleistocene explosive eruptions at about 0.3 million years ago. The 8 x 11 km wide Latera caldera (below and to the left of Bolsena) was formed about 0.16 million years ago. Post-caldera volcanism produced scoria cones and lava flows (lower left) from vents at or near Latera caldera until subrecent times.

NASA Space Station image ISS006-E-36701, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


The following 67 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 100079 Leucite tephrite
NMNH 100080 Leucitite
NMNH 100081 Leucite tephrite
NMNH 100082 Leucite phonolite
NMNH 111123-914 Latite
NMNH 111123-922 Leucite trachyte
NMNH 111123-931 "Leucitite with augite, biotite, and others"
NMNH 111123-932 "Leucitite with apatite, augite, and others"
NMNH 111123-942 Leucite tephrite
NMNH 111123-948 "Leucite phonolite with aegirine, augite, and others"
NMNH 98878 Leucite phonolite
NMNH 98879 Leucite phonolite
NMNH 98880 Leucite tephrite
NMNH 98881 Leucite tephrite
NMNH 98882 Leucitite
NMNH 98883 Latite
NMNH 98884 Latite
NMNH 98885 Leucitite
NMNH 98886 Nepheline leucitite
NMNH 98887 Leucite phonolite
NMNH 98888 Leucitite
NMNH 98889 Unidentified
NMNH 98890 Leucitite
NMNH 98891 Leucitite
NMNH 98892 Leucitite
NMNH 98893 Leucitite
NMNH 98894 Leucitite
NMNH 98895 Leucitite
NMNH 98896 Leucitite
NMNH 98897 Leucitite
NMNH 98898 Latite
NMNH 98899 Leucitite
NMNH 98900 Leucitite
NMNH 98901 Leucitite
NMNH 98902 Leucitite
NMNH 98903 Leucitite
NMNH 98904 Leucitite
NMNH 98905 Leucitite
NMNH 98906 Leucite trachyte
NMNH 98907 Leucite tephrite
NMNH 98908 Leucitite
NMNH 98909 Unidentified
NMNH 98910 Leucitite
NMNH 98911 Leucitite
NMNH 98912 Leucitite
NMNH 98913 Leucitite
NMNH 98914 Leucitite
NMNH 98915 Leucitite
NMNH 98916 Peperino
NMNH 98917 Leucitite
NMNH 98918 Leucitite
NMNH 98919 Leucitite
NMNH 98920 Leucite tephrite
NMNH 98921 Trachyte
NMNH 98922 Leucitite
NMNH 98923 Unidentified
NMNH 98924 Leucite trachyte
NMNH 98925 Leucite trachyte
NMNH 98926 Leucite phonolite
NMNH 98927 Leucite basanite
NMNH 98928 Leucitite
NMNH 98929 Andesite
NMNH 98930 Andesite
NMNH 98931 Andesite
NMNH 98932 Andesite
NMNH 98933 Andesite
NMNH 98934 Andesite

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