Vulsini

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 42.6°N
  • 11.93°E

  • 800 m
    2624 ft

  • 211003
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Vulsini.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Vulsini.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Vulsini.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History


There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0104 BCE Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations

Deformation History


There is no Deformation History data available for Vulsini.

Emission History


There is no Emissions History data available for Vulsini.

Photo Gallery


Geologists examine a quarry in a post-caldera cone of the Vulsini volcanic complex. The base of the quarry exposes thick, red-colored scoria deposits produced by strombolian eruptions that built a cinder cone. These are overlain by bedded, yellowish pyroclastic-surge deposits.

Photo by Richard Waitt, 1985 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
The 16-km-wide Bolsena caldera, filled by the waters of Lago di Bolsena, is the most prominent feature of the Vulsini volcanic complex NW of Rome. The 2000 sq km volcanic complex also includes the Latera caldera to the west. Both calderas were formed during the Pleistocene. Post-caldera eruptions produced scoria cones, lava flows, and youthful-looking, ash-cone islands in Lago di Bolsena that may have given origin to legends of a fire god.

Photo by Richard Waitt, 1985 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
The small Amiata lava-dome complex (just right of the center of this image), is located about 20 km NW of Lake Bolsena (left-center) in the southern Tuscany region of Italy. Viscous lava flows can be seen descending the flanks of the complex in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the lower right). The largest of the domes is 1738-m-high Monte Amiata (La Vetta). No eruptive activity has occurred at Amiata during the Holocene, but thermal activity continues at a producing geothermal field.

NASA Space Station image ISS008-E-7007, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
The small Amiata lava-dome complex (just right of the center of this image), is located about 20 km NW of Lake Bolsena (left-center) in the southern Tuscany region of Italy. Viscous lava flows can be seen descending the flanks of the complex in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the lower right). The largest of the domes is 1738-m-high Monte Amiata (La Vetta). No eruptive activity has occurred at Amiata during the Holocene, but thermal activity continues at a producing geothermal field.

NASA Space Station image ISS008-E-7007, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
Three large calderas are seen in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left) of the Vulsini volcanic complex in central Italy. The 16-km-wide Lake Bolsena (left-center) was formed during major Pleistocene explosive eruptions at about 0.3 years ago and the 8 x 11 km wide Latera caldera (below and to the left of Bolsena) about 0.16 million years ago. Post-caldera volcanism produced scoria cones and lava flows (lower left) until subrecent times. Pleistocene Lake Vico in the Cimini Mountains lies at the right-center.

NASA Space Station image ISS006-E-36701, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
Two calderas are seen in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left) of the Vulsini volcanic complex. The 16-km-wide Lake Bolesena (left-center) was formed following major Pleistocene explosive eruptions at about 0.3 million years ago. The 8 x 11 km wide Latera caldera (below and to the left of Bolsena) was formed about 0.16 million years ago. Post-caldera volcanism produced scoria cones and lava flows (lower left) from vents at or near Latera caldera until subrecent times.

NASA Space Station image ISS006-E-36701, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


The following 66 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 100079 Leucite Tephrite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 100080 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 100081 Leucite Tephrite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 100082 Leucite Phonolite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 111123-914 Vulsinite BOLSENA --
NMNH 111123-922 Leucite Trachyte BOLSENA --
NMNH 111123-931 Leucitite BOLSENA --
NMNH 111123-932 Leucitite BOLSENA --
NMNH 111123-942 Leucite Tephrite BOLSENA --
NMNH 111123-948 Leucite Phonolite BOLSENA --
NMNH 98878 Leucite Phonolite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98879 Leucite Phonolite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98880 Leucite Tephrite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98881 Leucite Tephrite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98882 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98883 Vulsinite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98884 Vulsinite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98885 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98886 Nepheline Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98887 Leucite Phonolite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98888 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98889 Unidentified BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98890 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98891 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98892 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98893 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98894 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98895 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98896 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98897 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98898 Vulsinite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98899 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98900 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98901 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98902 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98903 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98904 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98905 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98906 Leucite Trachyte BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98907 Leucite Tephrite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98908 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98909 Unidentified BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98910 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98911 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98912 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98913 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98914 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98915 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98916 Peperino BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98917 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98918 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98919 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98920 Leucite Tephrite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98921 Trachyte BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98922 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98923 Unidentified BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98924 Leucite Trachyte BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98925 Leucite Trachyte BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98926 Leucite Phonolite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98927 Leucite Basanite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98928 Leucitite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98929 Andesite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98930 Andesite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98931 Andesite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98932 Andesite BOLSENA CALDERA --
NMNH 98933 Andesite BOLSENA CALDERA --

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