Lipari

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.48°N
  • 14.95°E

  • 602 m
    1975 ft

  • 211042
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Lipari.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Lipari.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Lipari.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
211042

1230 CE

602 m / 1975 ft

38.48°N
14.95°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Rhyolite
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Dacite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
26,049
28,925
36,059
1,564,043

Geological Summary

Lipari, the largest of the Aeolian Islands, is located immediately north of Vulcano Island. The irregular-shaped island contains numerous small stratovolcanoes, craters, and lava domes on a basement of submarine volcanic deposits. Lipari was formed in three major eruptive cycles, the first of which took place from about 223 to 188 thousand years ago (ka) from N-S-trending fissures on the western side of the island. The second eruptive period from about 102 to 53 ka included the formation of the Monte San Angelo and Costa d'Agosto stratovolcanoes in the center of the island. The third eruptive cycle (40 ka to the present) included the Monte Guardia sequence, erupted at the southern tip of the island between about 22,600 and 16,800 years ago, and Holocene rhyolitic pyroclastic deposits and obsidian lava flows at the NE end of the island. The latest eruption, at Monte Pilato on the NE tip of the island, formed the Rocche Rosse and Forgia Vecchia obsidian lava flows, which have been dated variously from about 500 to 1230 CE. Objects made of obsidian from Lipari have been found throughout southern Italy.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Cortese M, Frazzetta G, La Volpe L, 1986. Volcanic history of Lipari (Aeolian Islands, Italy) during the last 10,000 years. J Volc Geotherm Res, 27: 117-135.

Crisci G M, De Rosa R, Esperanca S, Mazzuoli R, Sonnino M, 1991. Temporal evolution of a three component system: the island of Lipari (Aeolian Arc, southern Italy). Bull Volc, 53: 207-221.

Davi M, De Rosa R, Barca D, 2009. A LA-ICP-MS study of minerals in the Rocche Rosse magmatic enclaves: evidence of a mafic input triggering the latest silicic eruption of Lipari Island (Aeolian Arc, Italy). J Volc Geotherm Res, 182: 45-56.

De Rosa R, Donato P, Gioncada A, Masetti M, Santacroce R, 2003. The Monte Guardia eruption (Lipari, Aeolian Islands): an example of a reversely zoned magma mixing sequence. Bull Volc, 65: 530-543.

De Rosa R, Guillou H, Mazzuoli R, Ventura G, 2003. New unspiked K-Ar ages of volcanic rocks of the central and western sector of the Aeolian Islands: reconstruction of the volcanic stages. J Volc Geotherm Res, 120: 161-178.

Dellino P, La Volpe L, 1995. Fragmentation versus transportation mechanism in the pyroclastic sequence of Monte Pilato-Rocche Rosse (Lipari, Italy). J Volc Geotherm Res, 64: 211-231.

Develle A-L, Williamson D, Gasse F, WAtler-Simonnet W, 2009. Early Holocene volcanic ash fallout in the Yammouneh lacustric basin (Lebanon): tephrochronological implications for the Near East. J Volc Geotherm Res, 186: 416-425.

Di Martino C, Frezzotti M L, Lucchi F, Peccerillo A, Tranne C A, Diamond L W, 2010. Magma storage and ascent at Lipari Island (Aeolian archipelago, Southern Italy) at 223-81 ka: the role of crustal processes and tectonic influence . Bull Volc, 72: 1061-1076.

Favalli M, Karatson D, Mazzuoli R, Pareschi M T, Ventura G, 2005. Volcanic geomorphology and tectonics of the Aeolian archipelago (Southern Italy) based on integrated DEM data. Bull Volc, 68: 157-170.

Gamberi F, 2001. Volcanic facies associations in a modern volcaniclastic apron (Lipari and Vulcano offshore, Aeolian Island Arc). Bull Volc, 63: 264-273.

Gioncada A, Mazzuoli R, Bisson M, Pareschi M T, 2003. Petrology of volcanic products younger than 42 ka on the Lipari-Vulcano complex (Aeolian Islands, Italy): an example of volcanism controlled by tectonics. J Volc Geotherm Res, 122: 191-220.

Italiano F, Nuccio P M, 1991. Preliminary investigations on the underwater gaseous manifestations of Vulcano and Lipari. Acta Vulc, 1: 243-248.

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Keller J, 1970b. Die Historischen Eruptionen von Vulcano und Lipari. Zeit Deut Geol Ges, 121: 179-185.

Pichler H, 1980. The island of Lipari. Rendiconti Soc Italiana Min Petr, 36: 415-440.

Siani G, Sulpizio R, Paterne M, Sbrana A, 2004. Tephrostratigraphy study for the last 18,000 14C years in a deep-sea sediment sequence for the South Adriatic. Quat Sci Rev, 23: 2485-2500.

Tanguy J C, Le Goff M, Principe C, Arrighi S, Chillemi V, Paiotti A, La Delfa S, Patane G, 2003. Archeomagnetic dating of Mediterranean volcanics of the last 2100 years: validity and limits. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 211: 111-124.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1230 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Magnetism Pelato (Forgia Vecchia, Rocche Rossi)
0780 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Monte Pelato
5820 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Gabellotto-Fiumebianco, E-1 tephra

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Cala Fico Submarine cone
Canneto Dentro Stratovolcano
Capo Grosso Submarine cone
Chiesa Vecchia Stratovolcano 338 m
Chirica Stratovolcano 602 m
Costa d'Agosto Stratovolcano 529 m
Cugno di Mandra Stratovolcano
Forgia Vecchia Vent 303 m
Fuori del Pertuso Vent
Gabellotto-Fiume Bianco Stratovolcano
Mazzacaruso, Monte Stratovolcano 322 m
Monterosa Pyroclastic cone
Pietrovito Stratovolcano
Pilato, Monte
    Pelato, Monte
Cone 475 m
Punta de Iacopo Submarine cone
Rocche Rosse Vent 319 m
San Angelo, Monte Stratovolcano 594 m
Timpone Carrubbo Stratovolcano 195 m
Timpone Croci Lava cone
Timpone Pataso Stratovolcano 336 m

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Castellaro Pleistocene caldera
Timpone Ospedale Fissure vent 356 m

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Capparo Dome
Castello Dome
Giardina, Monte Dome 278 m
Guardia, Monte Dome 369 m
Punta de Levante Dome
Punta San Giuseppe Dome
Spiaggia della Pepesca Dome

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Immeruta Thermal -2 m
Inzolfata Thermal -15 m

Photo Gallery


Lipari, the largest of Italy's Aeolian Islands, was constructed during four eruptive cycles beginning about 100,000 years ago. Monte Giardina lava dome on the south side of the island, seen here from the NE with Lipari city in the foreground, formed as part of an eruptive cycle from about 23,000 to 17,000 years ago. Holocene eruptions formed the Pomiciazzo lava dome and the Rocche Rosse and Forgia Vecchia obsidian flows.

Photo by Richard Waitt, 1985 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Lipari Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.