Karapinar Field

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 37.67°N
  • 33.65°E

  • 1302 m
    4271 ft

  • 213001
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Karapinar Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Karapinar Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Karapinar Field.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
213001

Unknown - Evidence Credible

1302 m / 4271 ft

37.67°N
33.65°E

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Maar(s)

Rock Types

Major
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Minor
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
46,013
46,013
73,698
1,220,961

Geological Summary

The basaltic Karapinar volcanic field is comprised of five cinder cones, two lava fields and several explosion craters and maars located on the Konya-Eregli plain SW of the Karacadag stratovolcano. The 300-m-high Meke Dagi is one of the largest cinder cones in Central Anatolia. The explosion craters and maars are located along a SW-NE line consistent with the elongation of Karacadag volcano. The maars evolved from hyaloclastite tuff rings to maars to cinder cones, reflecting varying lake water levels during the eruption.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Blumenthal M M, van der Kaaden G, Vlodavetz V I, 1964. Turkey & Caucasus. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 17: 1-23.

Feraud J, Ozkocak O, 1993. Les volcans actifs de Turquie: guide geologique et itineraires de'excursions. L'Assoc Volc Europeenne (LAVE), 2: 1-82.

Keller J, 1974. Quaternary maar volcanism near Karapinar in central Anatolia. Bull Volc, 38: 378-396.

Mellaart J, 1967. Catal Huyuk a Neolithic Town in Anatolia. New York: McGraw Hill, 232 p.

Toprak V, 1998. Vent distribution and its relation to regional tectonics, Cappadocian Volcanics, Turkey. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 55-67.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Karapinar Field. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Karapinar Field page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Andikli Tepe Cone
Andikli-Ayirtmeke Tepe Cone 1278 m
Kucukmedet Tepe Cone 1302 m
Meke Dag Cone 1280 m 37° 36' 0" N 33° 35' 0" E

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Acigol Crater 1050 m
Mekegolu Crater 1120 m
Mekeobruk Crater
Yilanobrugu Crater

Photo Gallery


Meke Golu lake surrounds the Meke Dagi cinder cone in the Karapinar volcanic field, which is comprised of cinder cones, lava fields, and maars on the Konya-Eregli plain. The 300-m-high Meke Dagi is one of the largest cinder cones in Central Anatolia. This maar complex evolved from a hyaloclastite tuff ring to a maar to a cinder cone, reflecting varying lake water levels during the eruption. "Meke" in Turkish means "smelling" ("Golu" is "Lake"): the water is full of sulfur bubbles from underwater solfataras.

Copyrighted photo by Marco Fulle, 1999 (Stromboli On-Line, http://stromboli.net).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Karapinar Field Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.