Hasan Dagi

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.13°N
  • 34.17°E

  • 3253 m
    10670 ft

  • 213002
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Hasan Dagi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Hasan Dagi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Hasan Dagi.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
213002

Unknown - Evidence Credible

3253 m / 10670 ft

38.13°N
34.17°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera(s)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Dacite
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Rhyolite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
235
4,979
174,584
1,362,673

Geological Summary

The massive double-peaked stratovolcano Hasan Dagi in Central Anatolia has undergone four episodes of caldera collapse, the latest of which formed a 4-5 km wide caldera at the summit. The modern edifice is the youngest of four major basaltic-to-rhyolitic volcanic complexes dating back to the mid Miocene and was constructed within the latest caldera. Andesitic-to-dacitic lava domes form the two principal summits, of which the westernmost is the highest and is capped by two nested craters. Lava domes and associated pyroclastic-flow deposits blanket more than half the flanks of the Mount Hasan volcanic complex. A group of more than 25 Quaternary cinder cones, maars, and lava flows dot the plains surrounding Hasan Dagi. Interpretations of neolithic paintings representing eruptions from Hasan Dagi are controversial, but geologic evidence supports eruptive activity continuing into the Holocene.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Aydar E, Gourgaud A, 1998. The geology of Mount Hasan stratovolcano, central Anatolia, Turkey. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 129-152.

Brinkmann R, 1976. Geology of Turkey. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 158 p.

Deniel C, Aydar E, Gourgaud A, 1998. The Hasan Dagi stratovolcano (Central Anatolia, Turkey): evolution from calc-alkaline to alkaline magmatism in a collision zone. J Volc Geotherm Res, 87: 275-302.

Develle A-L, Williamson D, Gasse F, WAtler-Simonnet W, 2009. Early Holocene volcanic ash fallout in the Yammouneh lacustric basin (Lebanon): tephrochronological implications for the Near East. J Volc Geotherm Res, 186: 416-425.

Feraud J, Ozkocak O, 1993. Les volcans actifs de Turquie: guide geologique et itineraires de'excursions. L'Assoc Volc Europeenne (LAVE), 2: 1-82.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kuzucuoglu C, Pastre J-F, Black S, Ercan T, Fontugne M, Guillou H, Hatte C, Karabiyikoglu M, Orth P, Turkecan A, 1998. Identification and dating of tephra layers from Quaternary sedimentary sequences of Inner Anatolia, Turkey. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 153-172.

Meece S, 2006. A bird's eye view - of a leopard's spots, The Catalhoyuk 'map' and the development of cartographic representation in prehistory. Anatolian Studies, 56: 1-16.

Mellaart J, 1967. Catal Huyuk a Neolithic Town in Anatolia. New York: McGraw Hill, 232 p.

Mellaart J, 1993. Descriptions (picturales) d'eruptions recentes du Hasan Dagi par les hommes du neolithique a Catal Hoyuk. L'Assoc Volc Europeenne (LAVE), 42: 17-30.

Umran Dogan A, Dogan M, Kilinc A, Locke D, 2008. An isobaric-isenthalpic magma mixing model for the Hasan Dagi volcano, Central Anatolia, Turkey. Bull Volc, 70: 797-804.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 6750 BCE ± 50 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 7550 BCE ± 50 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Obruk Cone
Yilanli Dagi Cone

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Gros Hasan Dagi Dome 3253 m
Petit Hasan Dagi Dome 3069 m

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Kurttepe Thermal

Photo Gallery


The massive, double-peaked Hasan Dagi stratovolcano in central Turkey has a complex history that includes three episodes of caldera collapse. Numerous cinder cones, maars, and lava flows dot the flanks of the volcano. The hilly terrain in the foreground is a debris-avalanche deposit produced by collapse of the volcano.

Photo by Richard Waitt, 1994 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Hasan Dagi Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.