Erciyes Dagi

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.52°N
  • 35.48°E

  • 3916 m
    12844 ft

  • 213010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Erciyes Dagi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Erciyes Dagi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Erciyes Dagi.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



6880 BCE

3916 m / 12844 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The massive, eroded stratovolcano Erciyes Dagi at the northern end of the Sultansazligi Basin in central Anatolia covers an area of about 1300 sq km. Growth of the modern volcano began about 0.9 million years ago, following Pliocene caldera collapse of the Kocdag complex. Numerous parasitic cones and lava domes are found mostly on the north flank of the modern edifice, many along radial fissures. The youngest dated rock was from an 83,000-year-old dacitic lava flow, but rhyodacitic eruptions and lava dome growth occurred later at the Perikartin dome. One of the latest documented events was an edifice collapse that produced a large debris avalanche that extended to the east. An early Holocene distal tephra layer in Lebanon was attributed to Erciyes Dagi. Uncertainty remains regarding reported historical eruptions of Erciyes Dagi and their possible depiction on Roman Cappadocian coins. Historical accounts possibly referring to eruptions could also be attributed to methane releases from a swamp in the Sultansazligi Basin.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Blumenthal M M, van der Kaaden G, Vlodavetz V I, 1964. Turkey & Caucasus. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 17: 1-23.

Develle A-L, Williamson D, Gasse F, WAtler-Simonnet W, 2009. Early Holocene volcanic ash fallout in the Yammouneh lacustric basin (Lebanon): tephrochronological implications for the Near East. J Volc Geotherm Res, 186: 416-425.

Feraud J, Ozkocak O, 1993. Les volcans actifs de Turquie: guide geologique et itineraires de'excursions. L'Assoc Volc Europeenne (LAVE), 2: 1-82.

Gencalioglu-Kuscu G, Atilla C, Cas R A F, Kuscu I, 2007. Base surge deposits, eruption history, and depositional processes of a wet phreatomagmatic volcano in Central Anatolia (Cora Maar). J Volc Geotherm Res, 159: 198-209.

Innocenti F, Mazzuoli R, Pasquare G, Radicati di Brozolo F, Villari L, 1975. The Neogene calcalkaline volcanism of central Anatolia: geochronological data on the Kayseri-Nigde area. Geol Mag, 112: 349-360.

Kurkcuoglu B, Sen E, Aydar E, Gourgaud A, Gundogdu N, 1998. Geochemical approach to magmatic evolution of Mt. Erciyes stratovolcano, central Anatolia, Turkey. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 473-494.

Pasquare G, 1968. Geology of the Cenozoic volcanic area of Central Anatolia. Roma Accad Nazionale Lincei Mem, 9: 55-204.

Sen E, Kurkcuoglu B, Aydar E, Gourgaud A, Vincent P M, 2003. Volcanological evolution of Mount Erciyes stratovolcao and origin of the Valibaba Tepe ignimbrite (Central Anatolia, Turkey). J Volc Geotherm Res, 125: 225-246.

Stothers R B, Rampino M R, 1983. Volcanic eruptions in the Mediterranean before AD 630 from written and archaeological sources. J Geophys Res, 88: 6357-6371.

Toprak V, 1998. Vent distribution and its relation to regional tectonics, Cappadocian Volcanics, Turkey. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 55-67.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 0253 (in or before) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
6880 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Erciyas Dagi | Erdjas | Ardschich Dagh | Argaeus Mons | Erdzhias | Erdschias | Argaios


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Abas Tepe
    Adas Tepe
Belesme Cone 2700 m
Bokluca Cone
Boz Dag Cone 1772 m
Buyuk Kizil Tepe Cone
Hasan Dagi Cone
Karasivri Tepe Cone
Karniyarik Tepeler Cone
Kefeli Cone
Kefenli Tepe Cone
Kerem Cone
Kirmizi Tepe Cone
Kizil Tepe Pyroclastic cone
Kizilkuyu Tepe Cone
Kocdagi Stratovolcano 2700 m
Kolanh Dag Cone
Kucuk Kefeli Cone
Olakkran Cone
Saridag Cone
Selimkartini Cone
Siharslan Tepe Cone
Sutdonduran Cone
Tepecik Tepe Cone 1827 m
Tepesidelik Damlaru Vent
Topakkaya Tepe Pyroclastic cone
Uctepeler Cone
Ucuk Dagi Cone
Yilbat Cone


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Cardakh Crater
Cora Maar
Obruk Crater
Sari Gol Crater


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ali Dag Dome
Bil Tepe Dome
Boz Dag Dome 2321 m
Buyukkale Tepe Dome
Carik Tepe Dome
Dikkartin Dag Dome
Dikkartini Dome
Evliya Tepe Dome 2023 m
Gogdag Dome
Gok Dag Dome 2194 m
Karagülü Tepe Dome
Kartin Dag Dome
Kavaklidag Dome 2374 m
Kepez Tepe Dome 2006 m
Kolanli Dag Dome 2697 m
Lifos Tepe Dome
Perikartin Dome
Yilanli Dag Dome
Yilband Dag Dome

Photo Gallery

Erciyes Dagi volcano in central Turkey, seen here from the WSW, is a massive eroded stratovolcano that rises to 3916 m and covers an area of 1300 sq km. Numerous parasitic cones and lava domes are concentrated on its northern flank. Roman era coins depict what could be an eruption of the volcano in 253 BC.

Photo by Richard Waitt, 1994 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Erciyes Dagi in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Erciyes Dagi Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.