Nemrut Dagi

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.654°N
  • 42.229°E

  • 2948 m
    9669 ft

  • 213020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Nemrut Dagi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Nemrut Dagi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Nemrut Dagi.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1692 Apr 13 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1650 Oct 27 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations East flank (Lake Van)
1597 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1441 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations North flank (Nemrut Boynu)
1402 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
1111 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations East flank (Lake Van)
0531 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
0657 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
0787 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
1396 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
1662 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4055 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4321 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4615 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4849 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4938 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5085 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5152 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5242 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5320 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5745 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
6213 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
6471 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
7087 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
7579 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
7769 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
9950 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The prominent caldera in the center of the photo is Nemrut Dagi, the westernmost of a group of volcanoes near Lake Van. Nemrut Dagi lies north of the western part of Lake Van and is the only one of the group that has erupted in historical time. The 9 x 5 km caldera is partially filled by a lake, which appears as the smooth snow-covered right-hand side of the caldera floor in this near-vertical Space Shuttle photo with north to the bottom. Ash layers in Lake Van document numerous Holocene eruptions, the last of which took place in 1441 CE.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS45-80-08, 1992 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
A dramatic 9 x 5 km caldera truncates the summit of Nemrut Dagi volcano near Lake Van in eastern Turkey. A lake that partially fills the western side of the caldera is constrained by post-caldera eruptions that produced glassy obsidian lava flows from lava domes on the eastern caldera floor. A series of cinder cones and lava domes were erupted along N-S-trending fissures on the northern flank. Ash layers in Lake Van document numerous Holocene eruptions from Nemrut Dagi.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS001-E-6354, 2001 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Nemrut Dagi in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites