No photo available for this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 39.104°N
  • 43.426°E

  • 2145 m
    7036 ft

  • 213022
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Girekol.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Girekol.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Girekol.

Volcano Types


Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Girekol Tepe, a Pleistocene-to-Holocene, calc-alkaline to alkaline shield volcano, is located directly north of the NE arm of Lake Van and NE of the city of Ercis in eastern Anatolia (Yilmaz, 1990). Work by Lebedev at al. (2009) found no volcanic products younger than 0.36 +/- 0.06 Ma associated with Girekol.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Girekol. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Girekol page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Girekol Tepe Shield volcano 2778 m 39° 11' 31" N 43° 13' 1" E

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Girekol.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Innocenti F, Mazzuoli R, Pasquare G, Serri G, Villari L, 1980. Geology of the volcanic area north of Lake Van (Turkey). Geol Rund, 69: 292-323.

Keskin M, Lebedev V, Sharkov E, Oyan V, Unal E, 2010. A new look at the collision-related volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey: Volcanic history of the Northern-Van neovolcanic province. EGU General Assembly 2010 (abstract) p. 12629.

Lebedev V A, Sharkov E V, Keskin M, Oyan V, 2009. Erratum: Geochronology of Late Cenozoic Volcanism in the Area of Lake Van, Turkey: An Example of Developmental Dynamics for Magmatic Processes. Doklady Earth Sciences 433:2, 1031-1037 (accompanies on-line geological map in Photoshop file).

Yilmaz Y, 1990. Comparison of young volcanic associations of western and eastern Anatolia formed under a compressional regime: a review. J Volc Geotherm Res, 44: 69-87.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Girekol Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.