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Photo of this volcano
  • Russia
  • Mediterranean and Western Asia
  • Stratovolcano
  • 50 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 43.351°N
  • 42.442°E

  • 5642 m
    18510 ft

  • 214010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Elbrus.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Elbrus.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Elbrus.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0050 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Elbrus.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Elbrus.

Photo Gallery

Glaciers radiate from Mount Elbrus, the highest peak of the Caucasus Mountains of SW Russia. Elbrus has twin summits separated by a low saddle; snow-filled craters are visible in this image at both the 5595-m-high eastern summit and the 5633-m-high western summit. Products of Mount Elbrus cover 260 sq km; its longest lava flow traveled 24 km down the NNE flank. Elbrus has been active into the Holocene. Weak solfataric activity near the summit continues, and hot springs are present on the volcano's flanks.

Image courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Turkey, USSR (SW)
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mid-E
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Navigation
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Turkey, USSR (SW)

Title: Southwest Asia
Publisher: US Central Intelligence Agency
Country: Mid-E
Year: 1980
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:3,000
Map of Southwest Asia

Title: Clermont-Ferrand
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: France
Year: 1943
Series: AMS M661
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Clermont-Ferrand
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Elbrus in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites