Elbrus

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 43.351°N
  • 42.442°E

  • 5642 m
    18506 ft

  • 214010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Elbrus.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Elbrus.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Elbrus.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0050 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


Glaciers radiate from Mount Elbrus, the highest peak of the Caucasus Mountains of SW Russia. Elbrus has twin summits separated by a low saddle; snow-filled craters are visible in this image at both the 5595-m-high eastern summit and the 5633-m-high western summit. Products of Mount Elbrus cover 260 sq km; its longest lava flow traveled 24 km down the NNE flank. Elbrus has been active into the Holocene. Weak solfataric activity near the summit continues, and hot springs are present on the volcano's flanks.

Image courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Elbrus in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites