Samsari Volcanic Center

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 41.542°N
  • 43.7°E

  • 3290 m
    10791 ft

  • 214050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Samsari Volcanic Center.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Samsari Volcanic Center.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Samsari Volcanic Center.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Uncertain

3290 m / 10791 ft


Volcano Types

Lava cone(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Samsari Volcanic Center consists of more than 20 volcanoes extedning about 40 km N-S along the Samsari Ridge, part of the Dzhakheti Highland of southern Georgis, about 90 km WSW of Tbilisi. The most prominent volcanoes are Shavnabada in the north, the Samsari Caldera, and Didi-Abuli in the south. K-Ar dates obtained by Lebedev et al. (2003) showed that the oldest rocks were about 400 ka, from Didi-Abuli; the Samsari caldera was active around 200 ka. One sample from Tavkvetili volcano, a feature with a well-preserved crater at the far northern edge of the range, dated to <30 ka. A lava flow from Godorebi volcano, just north of Didi-Abuli, had a similar date.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Lebedev V A, Chernyshev I V, Dudauri O Z, Arakelyants M M, Bairova E D, Gol’tsman Y V, Chugaev A V, Vashakidze G T, 2003. The Samsari Volcanic Center as an Example of Recent Volcanism in the Lesser Caucasus: K–Ar Geochronological and Sr–Nd Isotopic Data. Doklady Earth Sciences 393A:9, 1323–1328.

Pasquare F A, Tormey D, Vezzoli L, Okrostsvaridze A, Tutberidze B, 2011. Mitigating the consequences of extreme events on strategic facilities: Evaluation of volcanic and seismic risk affecting the Caspian oil and gas pipeline in the Republic of Georgia. Journal of Environmental Management 92:7, 1774–1782.

Sviatlovsky A E, 1959. Atlas of Volcanoes of the Soviet Union. Moscow: Akad Nauk SSSR, 170 p (in Russian with English summary).

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Samsari Volcanic Center. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Samsari Volcanic Center page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Babakhngo Cone 2889 m 41° 29' 35" N 43° 39' 19" E
Cone 2505 m 41° 38' 46" N 43° 45' 37" E
Chukhurnir Cone 2255 m 41° 27' 20" N 43° 32' 19" E
Didi-Abuli Stratovolcano 3290 m 41° 26' 13" N 43° 38' 45" E
Eshtia Cone 2267 m 41° 20' 22" N 43° 34' 59" E
Godorebi Cone 3068 m 41° 27' 48" N 43° 41' 5" E
Kerogly Cone 2739 m 41° 29' 6" N 43° 44' 44" E
Patara-Abuli Cone 2789 m 41° 22' 33" N 43° 40' 30" E
Pungartepe Cone
Shavnabada Stratovolcano 2919 m 41° 37' 33" N 43° 42' 17" E
Tavkvetili Cone 2570 m 41° 40' 51" N 43° 43' 22" E


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Samsari Caldera 3263 m 41° 31' 58" N 43° 40' 16" E

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Samsari Volcanic Center.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Samsari Volcanic Center in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Samsari Volcanic Center Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.