Zukur

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.02°N
  • 42.75°E

  • 624 m
    2047 ft

  • 221021
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Zukur.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Zukur.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Zukur.

Zukur (Zugar), the northernmost large island of the Zukur-Hanish island group in the southern Red Sea, is formed of Holocene basaltic pyroclastic cones and spatter cones that issued youthful-looking pahoehoe lava flows. This island group, in contrast to other Red Sea islands such as Jebel at Tair or the Zubair Islands, lies in shallow waters south of the Red Sea median trough. Products of phreatic eruptions at Zukur form small islands and coastal cones. Late-stage trachytic lava domes produced viscous lava flows. Vents on Zukur are aligned along a NE-SW trend.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Zukur. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Zukur page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Zugar


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Abu Ail Island Cone
High Island Cone
Near Island Cone
Shark Island Cone
Tongue Island Cone
Zukur (Zugar), the northernmost large island of the Zukur-Hanish island group in the southern Red Sea, is seen in this NASA Landsat image (with north to the top). Numerous young basaltic pyroclastic cones and spatter cones were the source of pahoehoe lava flows. Products of phreatic eruptions at Zukur form small islands, such as Shark and Near Islands off the SW coast of Zukur. Vents on Zukur are aligned along a NE-SW trend, as seen on the peninsula at the southern tip of the island.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Gass I G, Mallick D I J, Cox K G, 1973. Volcanic islands of the Red Sea. J Geol Soc London, 129: 275-310.

Volcano Types

Shield
Pyroclastic cone(s)
Lava dome(s)
Fissure vent(s)

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
508
922
1,075
1,472,800

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Zukur Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.