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Photo of this volcano
  • Eritrea
  • Africa and Red Sea
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.88°N
  • 39.92°E

  • 904 m
    2966 ft

  • 221040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Alid.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Alid.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Alid.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Alid. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Alid page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Alid.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Alid.

Photo Gallery

A Landsat thematic mapper image shows the elongated Alid volcanic complex in the center of the photo, flanked by darker areas of younger basaltic lava flows in the Alid graben. Crustal spreading in the Danakil spreading center is occurring in the direction of the arrows. The Alid volcanic center is a structural dome that is elongated in a direction perpendicular to the axis of the 15-km-wide graben and rises about 700 m above its floor. Precambrian basement rocks on either side of the graben are uplifted 300-2500 m.

Image by U.S. Geological Survey, 1996 (courtesy of Wendell Duffield).
See title for photo information.
The elongated Alid volcano, which sits on the axis of the Danakil spreading center, is seen here from the west. Most of the flanks of the volcano in this view are composed of dipping rhyolitic lava flows; the light-colored area along the right skyline is rhyolitic pumice. The summit of the volcano is elongated in an E-W direction and contains a 1 x 1.5 km wide, 100-m-deep crater at the western end. Vast lava fields originating from fissure vents in the Alid graben extend to the NW and SE of the volcano. Vigorous fumarolic activity continues at Alid.

Photo by Wendell Duffield, 1996 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
The lower SE flank of Alid consists of a series of steeply dipping rhyolitic lava flows of late-Pleistocene age. In addition to these flows, the outer flanks of Alid are armored by dipping lava flows of basaltic-to-andesitic composition, with local rhyolitic lava flows and domes. These rocks were uplifted by a silicic magma body that was intruded into the upper crust of Danakil Depression during the Pleistocene. The magma body in part erupted to form rhyolitic pumice that drapes part of the upper part of the structural dome.

Photo by Wendell Duffield, 1996 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Uplift of the Alid structural dome exposes thick sequences of reddish, well-stratified siltstone beds, some very fossilifeorus, which accumulated in a tidal or inter-tidal environment. A couple of very light-colored horizons within the section are anhydrite beds, presumabily from the drying up of this wet environment where the fossiliferous limestone accumulated. High in the sequence there are some pillow basalts. At the very top of the sequence on the left is a few-meters-thick cover of light-colored rhyolitic plinian pumice fallout.

Photo by Wendell Duffield, 1996 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Very young basaltic lava flows bank against the northern base of Alid volcano. Basaltic cones in the background are some of the vent areas for these basaltic lava flows, which post-date the formation of Alid volcano and are often oriented along NNW-trending fissures. The youngest volcanic unit at Alid is agglutinated spatter on the NW side of Alid that originated from vents either on Alid or within the northern basalt field.

Photo by Wendell Duffield, 1996 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: (in Russian) Ethiopia
Country: Ethiopia/Africa-E
Year: 1986
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of (in Russian) Ethiopia

Title: Djoubouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen (Sana), Yemen (Aden)
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Red Sea & Ethiopia
Year: 1984
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Djoubouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen (Sana), Yemen (Aden)

Title: Geographic Map of the Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: Dept Min for Mineral Resources, MPMR, Saudi Arabia
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Geographic Map of the Arabian Peninsula

Title: Ethiopia, Geol Map of
Publisher: Geological Survey of Ethiopia
Country: Ethiopia/Africa-E
Year: 1975
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Ethiopia, Geol Map of

Title: Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: Arabia
Year: 1963
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Arabian Peninsula
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Alid in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites