Hayli Gubbi

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 13.5°N
  • 40.72°E

  • 521 m
    1709 ft

  • 221091
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Hayli Gubbi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Hayli Gubbi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Hayli Gubbi.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

521 m / 1709 ft


Volcano Types

Fissure vent(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Hayli Gubbi is the southernmost volcano of the Erta Ale Range. Recent tectonism has created a graben at the summit of 521-m-high volcano. A symmetrical scoria cone with a 200-m-wide crater displaying fumarolic activity occupies the center of the graben. An older shield volcano is covered on the north by recent fissure-fed lava flows. Lava flows from the axial portion of a fissure system extending to the south have reached the floor of the Giulietti Plain south of the Erta Ale Range. The open fissures extend for more than 10 km and are lined with dozens of small spatter cones and pit craters. The distal portion of lava flows issuing from the fissure system cover 8200-year-old sedimentary deposits on the Giuletti Plain.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Barberi F, Varet J, 1970. The Erta Ale volcanic range (Danakill depression, Northern Afar, Ethiopia). Bull Volc, 34: 848-917.

CNR-CNRS Afar Team, 1973. Geology of northern Afar (Ethiopia). Rev Geog Phys Geol Dynam, 15: 443-490.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Pagli C, Wright T J, Ebinger C J, Yun S-H, Cann J R, Barnie T, Ayele A, 2012. Shallow axial magma chamber at the slow-spreading Erta Ale Ridge. Nature Geoscience 5, 284–288. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1414

WoldeGabriel G, 1987. (pers. comm.).

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Hayli Gubbi. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Hayli Gubbi page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Hayli Gub | Haily Gubbi

Photo Gallery

A symmetrical scoria cone with a 200-m-wide crater lies in the center of a graben that cuts the summit of Hayli Gubbi volcano, the southernmost in the Erta Ale Range. The cliffs at the right form the western side of the graben. Dark lava flows seen at the top center were erupted from the axial portion of a fissure system that extends for more than 10 km to the south. The lava flows have reached the floor of the Giulietti plain south of the Erta Ale Range. A steam column was observed from the crater in February 2002.

Copyrighted photo by Marco Fulle, 2002 (Stromboli On-Line, http://stromboli.net).
The prominent peak near the center of this NASA Landsat image (with north to the top) is Ale Bagu, also known as Ummuna. This elongated, 1031-m-high stratovolcano is the highest of the Erta Ale Range volcanoes, and unlike other volcanoes in the massif, is mantled by basaltic pyroclastic rocks. The main crater is a steep-walled, 750 x 450 m depression prominent in this image. The light-colored Roram Plain lies at the lower left, and lava flows from Hayli Gubbi volcano are visible at the right.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Hayli Gubbi in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Hayli Gubbi Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.