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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 13.304°N
  • 40.987°E

  • 784 m
    2572 ft

  • 221107
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Borawli.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Borawli.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Borawli.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

784 m / 2572 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Borawli stratovolcano rises above the eastern shore of Lake Afrera, also known as Lake Giulietti. The upper part of the ~800-m-high conical edifice consists of trachytic lava flows overlying older basaltic flows. Young pantelleritic obsidian domes south of the volcano are the probable source of rounded pumice fragments found around Lake Afrera.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

CNR-CNRS, 1975. Geological Maps of Afar: 1, Northern Afar (1971); 2, Central and Southern Afar (1975). La Celle St Cloud, France: Geotechnip.

CNR-CNRS Afar Team, 1973. Geology of northern Afar (Ethiopia). Rev Geog Phys Geol Dynam, 15: 443-490.

Pagli C, Wright T J, Ebinger C J, Yun S-H, Cann J R, Barnie T, Ayele A, 2012. Shallow axial magma chamber at the slow-spreading Erta Ale Ridge. Nature Geoscience 5, 284–288.

WoldeGabriel G, 1987. (pers. comm.).

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Borawli. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Borawli page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.




Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Mat Ala Crater

Photo Gallery

Borawli stratovolcano, located across Lake Giulietti (also known as Lake Afrera) from the Erta Ale Range, rises above the eastern shore of the lake. The upper part of the conical 812-m-high volcano, seen here from the NW, consists of trachytic lava flows overlying basaltic flows. Young obsidian domes south of the volcano are the likely source of rounded pumice fragments found around the lake. Evaporation of water from Lake Giulietti has produced salt crystals that float on the lake surface, forming the while lines at the bottom of the photo.

Copyrighted photo by Marco Fulle, 2002 (Stromboli On-Line,
The Tat Ali volcanic massif extends across the right-hand side of this NASA Landsat image, east of Lake Afrera (center). This basaltic-to-pantelleritic shield volcano displays an elongated central depression partially filled by recent basaltic lava flows. The dark-colored flows at the upper right were erupted from fissures at the northern end of the Tat Ali complex. Borawli volcano lies at the right-center, between Tat Ali and Lake Afrera (also known as Lake Giulietti), and the lava flows at the upper left are from the flanks of the Hayli Dubbi complex.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Borawli in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Borawli Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.