Alayta

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 12.888°N
  • 40.573°E

  • 1496 m
    4907 ft

  • 221112
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Alayta.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Alayta.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Alayta.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1915 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1907 Jun 1907 Aug 4 (in or after) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SE flank

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The massive Alayta shield volcano (center) covers an area of 2700 sq km in the western Danakil depression SW of Lake Afrera (upper right). The volcanic consists of two parts--an elongated shield volcano on the west (medium-toned) and an extensive lava field forming the dark-colored area on the eastern flank of the shield volcano. The Alayta lava field, covered by very fresh lava flows (the most recent of which was erupted in 1907), was erupted from N-S-trending fissures and laps up against the western flank of Afderà volcano (immediately SW of Lake Afrera).

Photo by National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA), 1984.
See title for photo information.
The elongated massif extending down the center of the image is Alayta shield volcano, which covers an area of 2700 sq km in the western Danakil depression. A series of very recent craters is aligned along the NNW-trending axis of the basaltic-to-trachytic shield. The Alayta lava field, covered by very fresh lava flows, was erupted from N-S-trending fissures along the east side of the shield volcano and laps up against the western flank of Afderà volcano, immediately south of Lake Guilietti (Lake Afrera) at the upper right-center.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Alayta in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites