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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 11.63°N
  • 41.45°E

  • 875 m
    2870 ft

  • 221121
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Borawli.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Borawli.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Borawli.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

875 m / 2870 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Rock Types


Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Borawli complex consists of a group of rhyolitic lava domes on the floor of the southern Kali plain, NE of the town of Aisa Aita. A Pleistocene date was obtained from the southernmost lava flow of Borawli. A 1631 eruption (sometimes listed as 1627) attributed possibly to Amado dome (United Nations, 1973) was considered more likely to be from Dama Ali (Gouin, 1979). This 875-m-high dome complex is one of several volcanic features in Ethiopia named Borawli.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

CNR-CNRS, 1975. Geological Maps of Afar: 1, Northern Afar (1971); 2, Central and Southern Afar (1975). La Celle St Cloud, France: Geotechnip.

Gouin P, 1979. Earthquake history of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. Internatl Devel Res Centre (Canada), 118E: 259.

Lahitte P, Gillot P-Y, Kidane T, Courtillot V, 2003. New age constraints on the timing of volcanism in central Afar, in the presence of propagating rifts. J Geophys Res, 108: doi: 10.1029/2001JB001689.

United Nations, 1973. Geology, geochemistry and hydrology of hot springs of the East African Rift system within Ethiopia. United Nations Tech Rpt, New York, DP/SF/UN 116: 1-220.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Borawli. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Borawli page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.




Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Amado Dome 11° 38' 0" N 41° 33' 0" E

Photo Gallery

The brownish-colored Borawli complex (center) consists of a group of rhyolitic lava domes on the floor of the southern Kali Plain. Dark-colored, youthful looking basaltic lava flows (top) were erupted from fissures north of the dome complex, one of several volcanic features in Ethiopia named Borawli. The edge of Uddummi lake is visible at the lower right.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Borawli in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Borawli Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.