Gabillema

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 11.08°N
  • 41.27°E

  • 1459 m
    4786 ft

  • 221150
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Gabillema.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Gabillema.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Gabillema.

Gabillema is a rhyolitic stratovolcano along the axis of the Addado graben. The volcano was constructed at the intersection of the central Afar rift zone with the northern end of the NE-SW-trending Ethiopian rift. Rhyolitic lava domes are located on the flanks, and a 5 x 17 km basaltic lava field that covers the Ado Bad plain north of the volcano originated from a broad area of fissure vents and spatter cones on the north side of Gabillema. Young lava flows also occur south and east of the volcano, the latter along E-W-trending fissures. This period of rejuvenation, perhaps not directly related to Gabillema, has included rhyolitic as well as basaltic volcanism.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Gabillema. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Gabillema page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Arufta Stratovolcano 11° 7' 0" N 41° 21' 0" E
Asboru Stratovolcano 11° 7' 0" N 41° 14' 0" E
Gabillema is a rhyolitic stratovolcano along the axis of the Addado graben. The summit of the volcano lies below and to the left of the center of this Landsat image. Rhyolitic lava domes are located on the flanks of the volcano, and a 5 x 17 km basaltic lava field that covers the Ado Bad (Ado Lake) Plain north of the volcano originated from a broad area of fissure vents and spatter cones on the north side of Gabillema volcano.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

CNR-CNRS, 1975. Geological Maps of Afar: 1, Northern Afar (1971); 2, Central and Southern Afar (1975). La Celle St Cloud, France: Geotechnip.

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Richard J J, Neumann van Padang M, 1957. Africa and the Red Sea. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI 4: 1-118.

Varet J, 1978. Geology of central and southern Afar (Ethiopia and Djibouti Republic). CNRS, Paris, 124 p.

WoldeGabriel G, 1987. . (pers. comm.).

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Rhyolite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
248
772
12,626
373,968

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Gabillema Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.