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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 10.07°N
  • 40.84°E

  • 1733 m
    5684 ft

  • 221170
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Adwa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Adwa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Adwa.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

1733 m / 5684 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Adwa, also known as Aabida, Amoissa, or Dabita, is a stratovolcano in the southern Afar area immediately east of Ayelu volcano. Adwa is younger than the vegetated Ayelu and is a stratovolcano with a 4 x 5 km caldera that originated following eruption of voluminous ignimbrites. A small 2.5-km-wide caldera cuts a trachytic dome extruded in the older caldera. Scoria cones are located on the floor of a circular summit caldera and on its NW and SW flanks. Extensive young basaltic lava flows cover the flanks of Adwa and overlap a sedimentary plain to the SE. Many fumaroles occur within the caldera. Satellitic pyroclastic cones and lava domes were considered to be only a few hundred years old (Mohr 1980, pers. comm.).


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

CNR-CNRS, 1975. Geological Maps of Afar: 1, Northern Afar (1971); 2, Central and Southern Afar (1975). La Celle St Cloud, France: Geotechnip.

Mohr P A, 1980. (pers. comm.).

Richard J J, Neumann van Padang M, 1957. Africa and the Red Sea. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI 4: 1-118.

Varet J, 1978. Geology of central and southern Afar (Ethiopia and Djibouti Republic). CNRS, Paris, 124 p.

Wood C A, 1978. (pers. comm.).

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1928 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2  
[ 1828 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2  

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Aabida | Amoissa | Dabita | Abida | Ayyalu


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Adwa Stratovolcano

Photo Gallery

A 4 x 5 km wide caldera cuts the summit of Adwa volcano above the center of this NASA Landsat image with north to the top. This prominent volcano (also known as Aabida, Amoissa, or Dabita) is a stratovolcano in the southern Afar area immediately east of Ayelu volcano, which lies above and to the left of the westernmost flank lava flow. These prominent young basaltic lava flows were erupted from vents on the west, east, and south flanks of Adwa volcano and overlap a sedimentary plain to the SE.

NASA Landsat7 image (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Adwa in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Adwa Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.