- Info & Contacts
The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Dofan.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Dofan.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Dofan.
Dofan is known as the "smoking mountain." It is a 1151-m-high stratovolcano that rises 450 m above the Awash plain in the northern Main Ethiopian Rift. Numerous cinder cones, constructed along a 10-km-long, N-S-trending line, dot the flanks of the dominantly rhyolitic volcano. The northern cones are younger, have well-preserved morphologies, and display strong fumarolic activity. A major fumarole in a wide S-flank crater has precipitated large amounts of sulfur. The latest eruptions occurred during the Holocene (WoldeGabriel 1987, pers. comm.).
The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Dofan. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Dofan page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Dofen | Dofani | Dofane|
|Lava flows of the southern side of the Dofen volcanic massif are seen NW of a bend in the Hauash River at the top of this NASA Landsat image. The 1151-m-high stratovolcano, known as the "smoking mountain," rises above the Awash plain in the northern Main Ethiopian Rift. Numerous cinder cones dot the flanks of the dominantly rhyolitic volcano. A dark-colored lava flow at the extreme top-center of the image originated from the younger northern cones, which have well-preserved morphologies and display strong fumarolic activity.
NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Richard J J, Neumann van Padang M, 1957. Africa and the Red Sea. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI 4: 1-118.
WoldeGabriel G, 1987. . (pers. comm.).
Wolfenden E, Ebinger C, Yirgu G, Deino A, Ayalew D, 2004. Evolution of the northern Main Ethiopian rift: birth of a triple junction. Earth and Planetary Science Letters v. 224, p. 213–228.