Logo link to homepage

Fentale

Photo of this volcano
  • Ethiopia
  • Africa and Red Sea
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1820 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 8.975°N
  • 39.93°E

  • 2007 m
    6583 ft

  • 221190
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Fentale.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Fentale.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Fentale.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 2 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1820 (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Caldera floor and SW flank
1250 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Fentale.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Fentale.

Photo Gallery

The lava flow at the left was erupted on the caldera floor of Fentale volcano in 1820. This view looks from the east. The walls of the 3 x 4 km summit caldera of Fentale are up to 500-m high. During the 1820 eruption, basaltic lava flows were also extruded onto the Main Ethiopian Rift from a 4-km-long fissure on the south flank.

Photo by Giday Wolde-Gabriel, 1984 (Los Alamos National Laboratory).
See title for photo information.
A vertical aerial photo of the Quaternary Fentale volcanic complex, lying along the main Ethiopian rift zone, shows its prominent summit caldera and lava flows forming its flanks. The 3 x 4 km caldera with steep-sided walls up to 500 m high is elongated perpendicular to the direction of the regional fissures of the Ethiopian Rift. Note the recent rhyolitic obsidian lava flow to the NE (upper right) marked with curved flow ridges. The dark lava flow on the caldera floor was erupted in 1820.

Photo by Imperial Highway Authority of Ethiopia (published in Green and Short, 1971).
See title for photo information.
The caldera of Fentale volcano, also known as Fantale, is seen in a fish-eye lens view from the NE caldera rim. Welded pantelleritic ash flows accompanied formation of a 2.5 x 4.5 km summit caldera, which has steep-sided walls up to 500 m high. The WNW-ESE-trending elliptical caldera has an orientation perpendicular to the Ethiopian Rift, and post-caldera vents occur along the same orientation. Trachytic and obsidian lava flows occur on the caldera floor, and lava flows were erupted on the floor of the caldera and on its flanks in 1820.

Photo by Tom Pfeiffer, 2008 (www.volcanodiscovery.com)
See title for photo information.
Fentale, also known as Fantale, is a large stratovolcano seen here in profile from the arid floor of the Ethiopian Rift. Fentale lies at the northern end of the Main Ethiopian Rift and consists primarily of rhyolitic obsidian lava flows with minor tuffs. Welded pantelleritic ash flows accompanied formation of a 2.5 x 4.5 km summit caldera, which has steep-sided walls up to 500 m high. The WNW-ESE-trending elliptical caldera has an orientation perpendicular to the Ethiopian Rift, and post-caldera vents occur along the same orientation.

Photo by Tom Pfeiffer, 2008 (www.volcanodiscovery.com)
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: (in Russian) Ethiopia
Country: Ethiopia/Africa-E
Year: 1986
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of (in Russian) Ethiopia
Title: Djoubouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen (Sana), Yemen (Aden)
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Red Sea & Ethiopia
Year: 1984
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Djoubouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen (Sana), Yemen (Aden)
Title: Ethiopia, Geol Map of
Publisher: Geological Survey of Ethiopia
Country: Ethiopia/Africa-E
Year: 1975
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Ethiopia, Geol Map of
Title: Addis Abeba (Ababa)
Publisher: War Office, Geog Section General Staff #4355
Country: Ethiopia/Africa-E
Year: 1952
Series: GSGS 4355
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Addis Abeba (Ababa)
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 4 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116410-1 Welded Tuff -- --
NMNH 116410-2 Pumice -- --
NMNH 116410-3 Welded Tuff -- --
NMNH 117453-1 Obsidian -- --
Affiliated Sites