Kone

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 8.8°N
  • 39.692°E

  • 1619 m
    5310 ft

  • 221200
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kone.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kone.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kone.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
221200

1820 CE

1619 m / 5310 ft

8.8°N
39.692°E

Volcano Types

Caldera(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Rhyolite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
7,289
27,271
255,387
4,245,801

Geological Summary

The Kone volcanic complex, also known as Gariboldi, is composed of a series of silicic calderas and young basaltic cinder cones and lava flows about 30 km SW of Fentale volcano. As many as eight silicic calderas are accompanied by ignimbrite outflow sheets. Gariboldi, the youngest caldera, is an elliptical 5 x 7.5 km wide caldera trending E-W and oriented perpendicular to the Main Ethiopian Rift. The rim of the caldera rises about 100 m above the caldera floor; the eastern rim overlaps with a smaller elliptical caldera. Roughly N-S-trending regional fissures cut across the caldera and its flanks. The youngest basalts were erupted during the first half of the 19th century from vents along a hinge line between the smaller eastern caldera and the larger western one.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Acocella V, Korme T, Salvini F, Funiciello R, 2003. Elliptic calderas in the Ethiopian Rift: control of pre-existing structures. J Volc Geotherm Res, 119: 189-203.

Cole J W, 1969. Gariboldi volcanic complex, Ethiopia. Bull Volc, 33: 566-578.

Newhall C G, Dzurisin D, 1988. Historical unrest at large calderas of the world. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1855: 1108 p, 2 vol.

Wood C A, 1978. (pers. comm.).

Wood C A, 1980. (pers. comm.).

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1820 ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations East margin of Gariboldi caldera

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Gariboldi | Koni

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Gariboldi caldera Caldera

Photo Gallery


The Kone volcanic complex, also known as Gariboldi, is composed of a series of silicic calderas and young basaltic cinder cones and lava flows. North lies to the lower left in this Space Shuttle image. The dark-colored basaltic lava flows on the caldera floor were erupted during the first half of the 19th century along a hinge line between a smaller caldera on the east and a larger, 5-km-wide caldera on the west. The larger young lava flow at the right was erupted from a vent on the SE flank.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS001-363-9, 2001 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Kone Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.