Corbetti Caldera

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.18°N
  • 38.43°E

  • 2320 m
    7610 ft

  • 221290
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Corbetti Caldera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Corbetti Caldera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Corbetti Caldera.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
221290

Unknown - Evidence Credible

2320 m / 7610 ft

7.18°N
38.43°E

Volcano Types

Caldera
Stratovolcano
Pyroclastic cone

Rock Types

Major
Rhyolite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
565,206
565,206
1,171,948
9,794,061

Geological Summary

The 15-km-wide Corbetti caldera overlaps the NW margin of the older 30 x 40 km Awasa caldera. Urji volcano was subsequently constructed in the center of Corbetti caldera, which also contains young lava flows. Chabbi volcano, a large obsidian dome that grew on the SE caldera rim, has erupted lava flows onto the caldera floor. The age of the latest eruptive activity at Corbetti caldera is not known, although many lava flows are too young to date by the Potassium-Argon method. Fumarolic activity continues at the post-caldera cones of Urji, Chabbi, and an unnamed pyroclastic cone on the west rim.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Decker R W, 1971. Table of Active Volcanoes of the World. Unpublished 41 page table, compiled primarily from IAVCEI catalogs with revisions by many volcanologists.

Di Paola G M, 1971. Geology of the Corbetti Caldera (main Ethiopian rift valley). Bull Volc, 35: 497-506.

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Mohr P A, Mitchell J G, Raynolds R G H, 1980. Quaternary volcanism and faulting at O'a caldera, central Ethiopian Rift. Bull Volc, 43: 173-190.

Newhall C G, Dzurisin D, 1988. Historical unrest at large calderas of the world. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1855: 1108 p, 2 vol.

WoldeGabriel G, 1986. The Awasa caldera in the main Ethiopian Rift (MER). IAVCEI 1986 Cong, New Zeal, Abs, p 351.

WoldeGabriel G, 1987. (pers. comm.).

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1957 ] [ 1964 ] Discredited    

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Tchobbe | Djabi

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Abaro Cone
Chebbi
    Chabbi
Stratovolcano 7° 11' 0" N 38° 26' 0" E
Urji Cone 7° 12' 0" N 38° 22' 0" E

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Awasa Pleistocene caldera 1675 m 7° 5' 0" N 38° 27' 0" E

Photo Gallery


Chabbi volcano, rising to the north across Awasa lake, is a very large obsidian dome constructed on the SE rim of the 15-km-wide Corbetti caldera, which itself lies within the NW side of the larger Awasa caldera. In this photo Corbetti caldera is out of view behind its southern rim, which forms the low saddle at the left. Lava flows from Chabbi extend into Corbetti caldera. The age of the latest eruption of Corbetti volcano is not known, although fumarolic activity continues.

Photo by Giday Wolde-Gabriel (Los Alamos National Laboratory).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Corbetti Caldera Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.