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The Barrier

Photo of this volcano
  • Kenya
  • Africa and Red Sea
  • Shield
  • 1921 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 2.32°N
  • 36.57°E

  • 1032 m
    3385 ft

  • 222030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for The Barrier.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for The Barrier.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for The Barrier.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 12 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1921 Dec 31 ± 365 days Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations North flank (Teleki)
[ 1920 ± 3 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     South flank (Andrew's Volcano)
1917 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Andrew's or Teleki's Volcanoes
[ 1906 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Andrew's or Teleki's Cones
1897 May (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations North flank (Teleki) and Likaiu
1895 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations North flank (Teleki's Cone)
1888 Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations North flank (Teleki's Cone)
1871 ± 3 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations North flank (Teleki's Cone)
1090 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Magnetism North flank
1050 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Magnetism North flank
1030 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Magnetism North flank
7710 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology North (Abili Agituk) and south flanks
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for The Barrier.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for The Barrier.

Photo Gallery

A northward-looking aerial view shows the summit caldera of Kakorinya volcano of The Barrier volcanic complex with Lake Turkana in the distance. The 3.8-km-wide summit caldera was formed about 92,000 years ago, and youthful-looking post-caldera lava domes and flows fill much of the caldera floor. Fresh-looking lava flows and tuff cones occur along the shores of Lake Turkana. Teleki's Cone on the northern flank and Andrew's Cone (lower left foreground) on the southern flank have been the source of historical lava flows.

Photo by Martin Smith, 1993 (copyright British Geological Survey, NERC).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Laisamis
Publisher: Kenya MENR Mines and Geological Department
Country: Kenya
Year: 1988
Series: Samburu Marsabit project
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Laisamis
Title: Loiyangalani
Publisher: Kenya MENR Mines and Geological Department
Country: Kenya
Year: 1988
Series: Samburu Marsabit project
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Loiyangalani
Title: Marsabit
Publisher: Kenya MENR Mines and Geological Department
Country: Kenya
Year: 1987
Series: Samburu Marsabit project
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Marsabit
Title: Maral
Publisher: Kenya MENR Mines and Geological Department
Country: Kenya
Year: 1987
Series: Samburu Marsabit project
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Maral
Title: Ng'iro
Publisher: Mapping and Charting Est. RE
Country: Kenya
Year: 1977
Series: Y633
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Ng'iro
Title: South Horr
Publisher: Survey of Kenya
Country: Kenya
Year: 1975
Series: Y503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of South Horr
Title: Maralal
Publisher: Survey of Kenya
Country: Kenya AF
Year: 1973
Series: Y503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Maralal
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for The Barrier in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites