Photo of this volcano
  • Kenya
  • Africa and Red Sea
  • Pyroclastic cone(s)
  • 1770 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 0.904°S
  • 36.292°E

  • 2434 m
    7984 ft

  • 222090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Olkaria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Olkaria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Olkaria.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 3 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1770 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Ololbutot
4050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
6050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NE side (Gorge Farm)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Olkaria.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Olkaria.

Photo Gallery

Volcanic vents of the northern part of the Olkaria volcanic complex are visible immediately south of Lake Naivasha (upper right). The complex comprises up to 80 individual commenditic and other peralkaline rhyolitic centers, many of which are visible in this Landsat image. The youngest known eruption has a radiocarbon age of about 180 years. Fumarolic activity occurs at the Njorowa Gorge and at the Orengingnai and Orkaria (Olgaria) pumice cones.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
See title for photo information.
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Olkaria in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites