Meru

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 3.25°S
  • 36.75°E

  • 4565 m
    14973 ft

  • 222160
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Meru.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Meru.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Meru.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1910 Oct 26 1910 Dec 22 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Ash Cone
1886 (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Dome NW of Ash Cone
1878 ± 1 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Dome NW of Ash Cone
5850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Meru caldera

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


Meru volcano (upper right), Africa's fourth highest mountain, is seen from the ice-covered summit plateau of neighboring Kilimanjaro volcano. The 4565-m-high Meru stratovolcano is cut by a 5-km-wide breached caldera on the east side that formed about 7800 years ago when the summit of the volcano collapsed. A massive debris avalanche and lahar traveled to the east as far as the western flank of Kilimanjaro volcano.

Photo by Tom Jorstad, 1991 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Meru in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites