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Meru

Photo of this volcano
  • Tanzania
  • Africa and Red Sea
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1910 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 3.25°S
  • 36.75°E

  • 4565 m
    14973 ft

  • 222160
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Meru.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Meru.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Meru.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 4 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1910 Oct 26 1910 Dec 22 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Ash Cone
1886 (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Dome NW of Ash Cone
1878 ± 1 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Dome NW of Ash Cone
5850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Meru caldera
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Meru.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Meru.

Photo Gallery

Meru volcano (upper right), Africa's fourth highest mountain, is seen from the ice-covered summit plateau of neighboring Kilimanjaro volcano. The 4565-m-high Meru stratovolcano is cut by a 5-km-wide breached caldera on the east side that formed about 7800 years ago when the summit of the volcano collapsed. A massive debris avalanche and lahar traveled to the east as far as the western flank of Kilimanjaro volcano.

Photo by Tom Jorstad, 1991 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Kilimanjaro
Publisher: DOS
Country: Tanzania
Year: 1978
Series: 522
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Kilimanjaro
Title: Ngasurai
Publisher: DOS
Country: Tanzania E Af
Year: 1965
Series: Y742 (422)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Ngasurai
Title: Amboseli
Publisher: Survey of Kenya
Country: Kenya AF
Year: 1965
Series: Y503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Amboseli
Title: Ol Molog
Publisher: DOS
Country: Tanzania/ Kenya
Year: 1964
Series: Y742 (422)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Ol Molog
Title: West Hai
Publisher: DOS
Country: Tanzania
Year: 1964
Series: Y742 (422)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of West Hai
Title: Mombasa-Nairobi
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Africa
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Mombasa-Nairobi
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Meru in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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