Muhavura

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 1.383°S
  • 29.678°E

  • 4103 m
    13458 ft

  • 223060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Muhavura.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Muhavura.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Muhavura.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
223060

Unknown - Evidence Credible

4103 m / 13458 ft

1.383°S
29.678°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
10,680
197,162
1,189,226
10,833,809

Geological Summary

Muhavura volcano, rising to about 4,100 m at the NE end of the Virunga Range, is a relatively youthful stratovolcano with a small 40-m-wide lake in its summit crater. The 3474-m-high Gahinga (Mgahinga) volcano is joined to Muhavura on the west by a broad saddle. The two volcanoes have produced basanitic-to-trachyandesitic lavas. A small parasitic crater has been recently active, but the age of the latest eruption is not known.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Krafft M, 1990. Fuhrer zu den Virunga-Vulkanen. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 187 p.

Pouclet A, 1977. Contribution l'etude structurale de l'aire volcanique des Virunga, rift de l'Afrique centrale. Rev Geog Phys Geol Dynam, 19: 115-124.

Rogers N W, James D, Kelley S P, De Mulder M, 1998. The generation of potassic lavas from the eastern Virunga province, Rwanda. J Petr, 39: 1223-1247.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Muhavura. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Muhavura page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Muhavuru | Muhabura

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Gahinga
    Mgahinga
Cone 3474 m 1° 23' 0" S 29° 38' 0" E

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Kabiranjuma Crater

Photo Gallery


The forested Muhavura volcano (center) rises to 4127 m at the NE end of the Virunga Range. The 3474-m-high Gahinga (Mgahinga) volcano, the smaller cone at left-center, is joined to Muhavura on the west by a broad saddle. The two volcanoes have produced basanitic-to-trachyandesitic lavas. Muhavura is a relatively youthful stratovolcano with a small parasitic crater that has been recently active, but the age of its latest eruption is not known.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Muhavura Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.