Manengouba

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 5.03°N
  • 9.83°E

  • 2411 m
    7908 ft

  • 224020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Manengouba.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Manengouba.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Manengouba.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
224020

Pleistocene

2411 m / 7908 ft

5.03°N
9.83°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Shield
Caldera
Maar(s)
Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Minor
Rhyolite

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
1,054
21,434
343,169
3,441,094

Geological Summary

The Manengouba volcanic complex rises to 2411 m across the Tombel Graben from Mount Cameroon. Growth of the initial Manengouba shield volcano during the early Pleistocene was followed by growth of the Eboga stratovolcano. The subsequent Elengoum extrusive complex consists of trachytic pyroclastic flows and trachyandesitic to trachytic lava domes, and magma withdrawal associated with these eruptions was linked to formation of the 4-km-wide Eboga caldera. Renewed eruptions within the caldera and on its flanks produced about one hundred pyroclastic cones and three maar volcanoes during the latest stage of activity at Manengouba that were dated between about 0.45 and 0.11 Ma.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Fitton J G, 1987. The Cameroon line, West Africa: a comparison between oceanic and continental alkaline volcanism. In: Fitton J G and Upton B G J (eds) {Alkaline Igneous Rocks}, Geol Soc Amer Spec Pub 30: 273-291.

Fitton J G, Dunlop H M, 1985. The Cameroon line, West Africa, and its bearing on the origin of oceanic and continental alkali basalt. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 72: 23-38.

Geze B, 1953. Les volcans du Cameroun occidental. Bull Volc, 13: 63-92.

Pouclet A, Kagou Dongmo A, Bardintzeff J-M, Wandji P, Chakam Tagheu P, Nkouathio D, Bellon H, Ruffet G, 2014. The Mount Manengouba, a complex volcano of the Cameroon Line: Volcanic history, petrological and geochemical features. J African Earth Sci, 97: 297-321. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.afrearsci.2014.04.023

Sato H, Aramaki S, Kusakabe M, Hirabayashi J-I, Sano Y, Nojiri Y, Tchoua F, 1990. Geochemical difference of basalts between polygenetic and monogenetic volcanoes in the central part of the Cameroon volcanic line. Geochem J, 24: 357-370.

Tchoua F M, 1971. Le volcanisme Strombolien de la plaine de Tombel (Cameroun). Annales Fac Sci, Yaounde, Cameroun, 7-8: 53-78.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Manengouba. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Manengouba page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Manenguba

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ekoh Pyroclastic cone
Mboassoum Pyroclastic cone
Melong Pyroclastic cone
Njinjo Pyroclastic cone
Nyam Pyroclastic cone

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Eboga Pleistocene caldera

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ekom Dome
Elengoum Dome
Mboriko Dome

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Manengouba.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Manengouba Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.