Bayuda Volcanic Field

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 18.33°N
  • 32.75°E

  • 670 m
    2198 ft

  • 225060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Bayuda Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Bayuda Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Bayuda Volcanic Field.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



850 CE

670 m / 2198 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Explosion crater(s)

Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Bayuda volcanic field is located in the Bayuda Desert of NE Sudan, south of the major Abu Hamed bend of the Nile River about 300 km north of capital city of Khartoum. More than 90 eruptive centers along a WNW-ESE line were constructed over Precambrian and Paleozoic granitic rocks near the center of the Bayuda Desert. Most vents are cinder cones that produced lava flows which breached the cones. About 10% of vents in the field are explosion craters, the largest of which, named Hosh ed Dalam, is 1.3 km wide and up to 500 m deep. The youngest basalts appear to post-date the last period of moist climate in Sudan, which ended as recently as about 5000 years ago. One of the least eroded lava flows was dated at about 1100 years ago.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Almond D C, 1974. The composition of basaltic lavas from Bayuda, Sudan and their place in the Cainozoic volcanic history of north-east Africa. Bull Volc, 38: 345-360.

Almond D C, Ahmed F, Khalil B E, 1969. An excursion to the Bayuda volcanic field of northern Sudan. Bull Volc, 33: 549-565.

Almond D C, Kheir O M, Poole S, 1984. Alkaline basalt volcanism in northeastern Sudan: a comparison of the Bayuda and Gedaref areas. J African Earth Sci, 2: 233-245.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0850 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Baiyuda Volcanic Field


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Abour, Jebel El Cone
Angalafib Cone
Bararumbo Cone 18° 28' 0" N 32° 47' 0" E
Goan Cone 18° 23' 0" N 32° 52' 0" E
Hiwaish Abu Siba Cone
Hosh Umm Araysh, Jebel Cone
Mazrub, Jebel Cone 18° 30' 0" N 32° 26' 0" E
Mersidat Cone 18° 29' 0" N 32° 45' 0" E
Miraibta, Jebel El Cone
Sergein Cone 18° 32' 0" N 32° 40' 0" E
Tebel Qurein Cone 18° 24' 0" N 32° 38' 0" E
Umm Khandag, Jebel Cone 18° 31' 0" N 32° 23' 0" E
Umm Qureinat Cone 18° 24' 0" N 32° 36' 0" E
Uruf, Jebel Cone 18° 30' 0" N 32° 21' 0" E
Zein Umm Araysh, Jebel Cone


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Bihadi Crater 18° 18' 0" N 32° 47' 0" E
Hosh Ed Dalan Crater 18° 23' 0" N 32° 38' 0" E
Hosh Es Siddig Crater 18° 15' 0" N 33° 0' 0" E
Muweilih Crater
Tebel Hebeish Crater 18° 30' 0" N 32° 29' 0" E

Photo Gallery

The Bayuda volcanic field is located near the center of the Bayuda desert of NE Sudan. The numerous small cinder cones that trend horizontally across the center of the volcanic field in this Space Shuttle image were erupted along a WNW-trending line. Lava flows, one of which was erupted about 1100 years ago, are visible in this image, but about 10% of the vents are explosion craters. Bayuda was constructed over Precambrian and Paleozoic granitic rocks, which form the darker areas at the lower right.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS004-711-20, 2002 (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Bayuda Volcanic Field in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Bayuda Volcanic Field Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.