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The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Ash Shamah.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Ash Shamah.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Ash Shamah.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1850 ± 10 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Historical Observations||Jabal Druse|
|2670 BCE ± 200 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (corrected)||Kra lava field|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Al-Lajat||Volcanic field||1050 m||33° 0' 0" N||36° 38' 0" E|
|Amud, Jabal al||Cone||1100 m|
|Dirat al-Tulul||Volcanic field||773 m||33° 30' 0" N||37° 0' 0" E|
Druze, Jabal ad
Druz, Jabal al
Duruz, Jabal ed
Drouz, Djebel ed
|Volcanic field||1803 m||32° 39' 30" N||36° 25' 30" E|
|Volcanic field||719 m||33° 2' 4" N||37° 11' 44" E|
|Golan Heights||Volcanic field||1197 m||33° 6' 0" N||35° 58' 0" E|
|Harrah, Al||Volcanic field|
|Kra Lava Field||Volcanic field||1139 m||35° 53' 53" N||36° 46' 42" E|
|Odem, Mount||Pyroclastic cone||1174 m||33° 11' 56" N||35° 45' 15" E|
|Tal Khodr Imtan||Cone||1322 m||32° 25' 49" N||36° 48' 20" E|
|Tel Avital||Pyroclastic cone||1186 m||33° 6' 29" N||35° 47' 39" E|
|Tel Bental||Pyroclastic cone|
|Tell-Danum||Volcanic field||1015 m||33° 0' 20" N||36° 38' 32" E|
|The Golan Heights basaltic volcanic field lies NE of Lake Tiberius (Sea of Galilee) in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of SW Syria near the borders with Lebanon and Israel. Lake Tiberius, whose surface lies below sea level, is at the upper left in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right). The volcanic field contains 56 cinder cones of Pliocene-to-Holocene age and includes the prehistoric cone of Majdel Shams in the Golan Heights.
NASA Space Shuttle image STS060-97-24, 1994 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
|The dark-colored lava flows in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the left) lie at the southern end of the Es Safa volcanic field. This basaltic field (also referred to as As Safa), lies SE of the capital city of Damascas (Dimashq) and contains at least 38 cinder cones. A boiling lava lake was observed in the Es Safa volcanic area in the middle of the 19th century. This volcanic field lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria to Saudi Arabia.
NASA Space Shuttle image ISS007-E-8414, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
|Snow-capped Tell Qeni is the highest point of the Jabal ad Druze volcanic field, the southernmost in Syria. It lies in the Haurun-Druze Plateau in SW Syria near the border with Jordan. The most prominent feature of this volcanic field is 1803-m-high Jabal ad Druze. The alkaline volcanic field consists of a group of 118 basaltic volcanoes active from the lower-Pleistocene to the Holocene.
Anonymous photo by Wikipedia user KFZI310, 2006.
There are no samples for Harrat Ash Shamah in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.
|Large Eruptions of Harrat Ash Shamah||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|WOVOdat||WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|
|MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System||Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.|
|MIROVA||Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.|