Harrat Ash Shamah

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 32.333°N
  • 37.583°E

  • 1100 m
    3608 ft

  • 231001
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Ash Shamah.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Ash Shamah.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Ash Shamah.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1850 ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Jabal Druse
2670 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Kra lava field

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The Golan Heights basaltic volcanic field lies NE of Lake Tiberius (Sea of Galilee) in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of SW Syria near the borders with Lebanon and Israel. Lake Tiberius, whose surface lies below sea level, is at the upper left in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right). The volcanic field contains 56 cinder cones of Pliocene-to-Holocene age and includes the prehistoric cone of Majdel Shams in the Golan Heights.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS060-97-24, 1994 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
The dark-colored lava flows in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the left) lie at the southern end of the Es Safa volcanic field. This basaltic field (also referred to as As Safa), lies SE of the capital city of Damascas (Dimashq) and contains at least 38 cinder cones. A boiling lava lake was observed in the Es Safa volcanic area in the middle of the 19th century. This volcanic field lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria to Saudi Arabia.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS007-E-8414, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
Snow-capped Tell Qeni is the highest point of the Jabal ad Druze volcanic field, the southernmost in Syria. It lies in the Haurun-Druze Plateau in SW Syria near the border with Jordan. The most prominent feature of this volcanic field is 1803-m-high Jabal ad Druze. The alkaline volcanic field consists of a group of 118 basaltic volcanoes active from the lower-Pleistocene to the Holocene.

Anonymous photo by Wikipedia user KFZI310, 2006.
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Harrat Ash Shamah in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites