- Info & Contacts
The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Ash Shamah.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Ash Shamah.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Ash Shamah.
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Al-Lajat||Volcanic field||1050 m||33° 0' 0" N||36° 38' 0" E|
|Amud, Jabal al||Cone||1100 m|
|Dirat al-Tulul||Volcanic field||773 m||33° 30' 0" N||37° 0' 0" E|
Druze, Jabal ad
Druz, Jabal al
Duruz, Jabal ed
Drouz, Djebel ed
|Volcanic field||1803 m||32° 39' 30" N||36° 25' 30" E|
|Volcanic field||719 m||33° 2' 4" N||37° 11' 44" E|
|Golan Heights||Volcanic field||1197 m||33° 6' 0" N||35° 58' 0" E|
|Harrah, Al||Volcanic field|
|Kra Lava Field||Volcanic field||1139 m||35° 53' 53" N||36° 46' 42" E|
|Odem, Mount||Pyroclastic cone||1174 m||33° 11' 56" N||35° 45' 15" E|
|Tal Khodr Imtan||Cone||1322 m||32° 25' 49" N||36° 48' 20" E|
|Tel Avital||Pyroclastic cone||1186 m||33° 6' 29" N||35° 47' 39" E|
|Tel Bental||Pyroclastic cone|
|Tell-Danum||Volcanic field||1015 m||33° 0' 20" N||36° 38' 32" E|
There is data available for 2 Holocene eruptive periods.
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1850 ± 10 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Historical Observations||Jabal Druse|
|2670 BCE ± 200 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (corrected)||Kra lava field|
There is no Deformation History data available for Harrat Ash Shamah.
There is no Emissions History data available for Harrat Ash Shamah.
|The Golan Heights basaltic volcanic field lies NE of Lake Tiberius (Sea of Galilee) in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of SW Syria near the borders with Lebanon and Israel. Lake Tiberius, whose surface lies below sea level, is at the upper left in this NASA Space Shuttle image (N is to the upper right). The volcanic field contains 56 scoria cones of Pliocene-to-Holocene age and includes the prehistoric cone of Majdel Shams in the Golan Heights.
NASA Space Shuttle image STS060-97-24, 1994 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
|The dark-colored lava flows in this NASA Space Shuttle image (N to the left) lie at the south end of the Es Safa volcanic field. This basaltic field (also referred to as As Safa), lies SE of the capital city of Damascas (Dimashq) and contains at least 38 scoria cones. A lava lake was observed in the Es Safa volcanic area in the middle of the 19th century. This volcanic field lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria to Saudi Arabia.
NASA Space Shuttle image ISS007-E-8414, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
|Snow-capped Tell Qeni is the highest point of the Jabal ad Druze volcanic field, the southernmost in Syria. It lies in the Haurun-Druze Plateau in SW Syria near the border with Jordan. The field consists of a group of 118 basaltic volcanoes active from the lower-Pleistocene to the Holocene.
Anonymous photo by Wikipedia user KFZI310, 2006.
The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.
Title: Turyaf Quad (31C) and part of the An Nabk Quad (31B), Geol Map of
Publisher: Saudi Arabia Min. of Petrol. and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Map Type: Geology
Title: Geographic Map of the Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: Dept Min for Mineral Resources, MPMR, Saudi Arabia
Country: Saudi Arabia
Map Type: Geographic
Title: Syria, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Map Type: Geographic
Title: Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: DMA, copyright HMSO London 1982
Country: S Arabia, Mid East
Map Type: Topographic
Title: Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Map Type: Geographic
Title: Persian Gulf
Publisher: Aeronautical Chart and Information Center U.S. Air Force
Map Type: Geographic
There are no samples for Harrat Ash Shamah in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.
|MIROVA||Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.|
|MODVOLC Thermal Alerts||Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.|
Sentinel Hub Playground
Sentinel Hub EO Browser
|The Sentinel Hub Playground provides a quick look at any Sentinel-2 image in any combination of the bands and enhanced with image effects; Landsat 8, DEM and MODIS are also available. Sentinel Hub is an engine for processing of petabytes of satellite data. It is opening the doors for machine learning and helping hundreds of application developers worldwide. It makes Sentinel, Landsat, and other Earth observation imagery easily accessible for browsing, visualization and analysis. Sentinel Hub is operated by Sinergise|
|IRIS seismic stations/networks||Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS) Data Services map showing the location of seismic stations from all available networks (permanent or temporary) within a radius of 0.18° (about 20 km at mid-latitudes) from the given location of Harrat Ash Shamah. Users can customize a variety of filters and options in the left panel. Note that if there are no stations are known the map will default to show the entire world with a "No data matched request" error notice.|
|UNAVCO GPS/GNSS stations||Geodetic Data Services map from UNAVCO showing the location of GPS/GNSS stations from all available networks (permanent or temporary) within a radius of 20 km from the given location of Harrat Ash Shamah. Users can customize the data search based on station or network names, location, and time window. Requires Adobe Flash Player.|
|DECADE Data||The DECADE portal, still in the developmental stage, serves as an example of the proposed interoperability between The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program, the Mapping Gas Emissions (MaGa) Database, and the EarthChem Geochemical Portal. The Deep Earth Carbon Degassing (DECADE) initiative seeks to use new and established technologies to determine accurate global fluxes of volcanic CO2 to the atmosphere, but installing CO2 monitoring networks on 20 of the world's 150 most actively degassing volcanoes. The group uses related laboratory-based studies (direct gas sampling and analysis, melt inclusions) to provide new data for direct degassing of deep earth carbon to the atmosphere.|
Single Volcano View
Temporal Evolution of Unrest
Side by Side Volcanoes
|WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|Large Eruptions of Harrat Ash Shamah||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|