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Harrat Khaybar

Photo of this volcano
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Middle East and Indian Ocean
  • Volcanic field
  • 650 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 25°N
  • 39.92°E

  • 2093 m
    6867 ft

  • 231060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Khaybar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Khaybar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Khaybar.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0650 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Harrat Lali
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Harrat Khaybar.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Harrat Khaybar.

Photo Gallery

The 4000 sq km Harrat Ithnayn volcanic field appears in the center of this Space Shuttle image with north to the upper right. Harrat Ithnayn contains scattered shield volcanoes and scoria cones that have produced extensive lava flows, some of which are less than 4500 years old. Harrat Ithnayn merges with the larger Harrat Khaybar volcanic field to its south, the dark partially cloud-covered area at the lower left.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS-61A-483-20 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
Harrat Khaybar, one of Saudi Arabia's largest volcanic fields, covers an area of more than 14,000 sq km north of Madinah (Medina). This Space Shuttle image shows the central vent area of the volcanic field. Light-colored areas at the center of the image show felsic lava domes and tuff rings; above this area is the Jabal Qidr stratovolcano. The lava flows extending westward from the central vent area are young prehistorical and historical in age. An eruption was reported in early Mohammedan times during the 7th century CE.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS38-74-6, 1990 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
Light-colored lapilli deposits of the Jabal Bayda ("White Mountain") tuff cone have been mistaken for a snow-capped peak. A small lava dome was constructed within the crater. Jabal Bayda and the Jabal Abyad lava dome (upper left) are part of the 14,000 sq km Harrat Khaybar volcanic field, located north of the city of Madinah (Medina). A spectacular 100-km-long N-S linear vent system in Harrat Khaybar contains felsic lava domes, tuff rings, the Jabal Qidr stratovolcano, as well as numerous small basaltic cones.

Copyrighted photo by Michael Fenton, USGS (courtesy Earth Science World Image Bank http://www.earthscienceworld.org/images)
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Harrats Khaybar, Ithnayn, and Kura, Saudi Arabia, Geol Map of
Publisher: Min of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, S Arabia
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1991
Series: GM
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Harrats Khaybar, Ithnayn, and Kura, Saudi Arabia, Geol Map of
Title: Geologic Map ot the Saudi Arabian Shield
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1989
Series: Professional Paper 560-A
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geologic Map ot the Saudi Arabian Shield
Title: Map of Cenozoic Igneous Rocks of Saudi Arabia
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1989
Series: Professional Paper 560-A
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Map of Cenozoic Igneous Rocks of Saudi Arabia
Title: Geographic Map of the Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: Dept Min for Mineral Resources, MPMR, Saudi Arabia
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Geographic Map of the Arabian Peninsula
Title: Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: DMA, copyright HMSO London 1982
Country: S Arabia, Mid East
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia
Title: Geogr Map of the Al Madinah Quad, Sheet 24D, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: Saudi Arabia Min. of Petrol. and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1981
Series: Geoscience Maps
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geogr Map of the Al Madinah Quad, Sheet 24D, Saudi Arabia
Title: Geologic Map of the Al Medinah Quad, Sheet 24D, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: Saudi Arabia Min. of Petrol. and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1981
Series: Geoscience Maps
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geologic Map of the Al Medinah Quad, Sheet 24D, Saudi Arabia
Title: Geologic Map of the Khaybar Quad, Sheet 25D, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: Saudi Arabia Min. of Petrol. and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1979
Series: Geoscience Maps
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geologic Map of the Khaybar Quad, Sheet 25D, Saudi Arabia
Title: Geogr Map of the Khaybar Quad, Sheet 25D, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: Saudi Arabia Min. of Petrol. and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1979
Series: Geoscience Maps
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geogr Map of the Khaybar Quad, Sheet 25D, Saudi Arabia
Title: Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: Arabia
Year: 1963
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Arabian Peninsula
Title: Persian Gulf
Publisher: Aeronautical Chart and Information Center U.S. Air Force
Country: Arabia
Year: 1958
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Persian Gulf
Title: Clermont-Ferrand
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: France
Year: 1943
Series: AMS M661
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Clermont-Ferrand
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Harrat Khaybar in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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