- Info & Contacts
The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Khaybar.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Khaybar.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Khaybar.
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Khaibar, Harrat el- | Khaiber, Harrat el-|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Bayda, Jabal||Tuff cone||1913 m||25° 40' 0" N||39° 56' 0" E|
|Esh-Shamit, Djebel||Cone||25° 10' 0" N||39° 15' 0" E|
|Qidr, Jabal||Stratovolcano||2022 m||25° 43' 0" N||39° 57' 0" E|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Abyad, Jabal||Dome||2093 m||25° 40' 0" N||39° 58' 0" E|
|Am'am, Jabal||Dome||1120 m||25° 18' 0" N||39° 33' 0" E|
|Ibayl, Jabal||Dome||1901 m||25° 40' 0" N||39° 59' 0" E|
There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|0650 ± 50 years||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||Harrat Lali|
There is no Deformation History data available for Harrat Khaybar.
There is no Emissions History data available for Harrat Khaybar.
|The 4000 sq km Harrat Ithnayn volcanic field appears in the center of this Space Shuttle image with north to the upper right. Harrat Ithnayn contains scattered shield volcanoes and scoria cones that have produced extensive lava flows, some of which are less than 4500 years old. Harrat Ithnayn merges with the larger Harrat Khaybar volcanic field to its south, the dark partially cloud-covered area at the lower left.
NASA Space Shuttle image STS-61A-483-20 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
|Harrat Khaybar, one of Saudi Arabia's largest volcanic fields, covers an area of more than 14,000 sq km north of Madinah (Medina). This Space Shuttle image shows the central vent area of the volcanic field. Light-colored areas at the center of the image show felsic lava domes and tuff rings; above this area is the Jabal Qidr stratovolcano. The lava flows extending westward from the central vent area are young prehistorical and historical in age. An eruption was reported in early Mohammedan times during the 7th century CE.
NASA Space Shuttle image STS38-74-6, 1990 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
|Light-colored lapilli deposits of the Jabal Bayda ("White Mountain") tuff cone have been mistaken for a snow-capped peak. A small lava dome was constructed within the crater. Jabal Bayda and the Jabal Abyad lava dome (upper left) are part of the 14,000 sq km Harrat Khaybar volcanic field, located north of the city of Madinah (Medina). A spectacular 100-km-long N-S linear vent system in Harrat Khaybar contains felsic lava domes, tuff rings, the Jabal Qidr stratovolcano, as well as numerous small basaltic cones.
Copyrighted photo by Michael Fenton, USGS (courtesy Earth Science World Image Bank http://www.earthscienceworld.org/images)
There are no samples for Harrat Khaybar in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.
|DECADE Data||The DECADE portal, still in the developmental stage, serves as an example of the proposed interoperability between The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program, the MAGA Database, and the EarthChem Geochemical Portal. The Deep Earth Carbon Degassing (DECADE) initiative seeks to use new and established technologies to determine accurate global fluxes of volcanic CO2 to the atmosphere, but installing CO2 monitoring networks on 20 of the world's 150 most actively degassing volcanoes. The group uses related laboratory-based studies (direct gas sampling and analysis, melt inclusions) to provide new data for direct degassing of deep earth carbon to the atmosphere.|
Single Volcano View
Temporal Evolution of Unrest
Side by Side Volcanoes
|WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|Large Eruptions of Harrat Khaybar||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|MIROVA||Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.|
|MODVOLC Thermal Alerts||Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|