Harrat Rahat

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 23.08°N
  • 39.78°E

  • 1744 m
    5720 ft

  • 231070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Rahat.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Rahat.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Rahat.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1292 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Near Madinah
1256 Jun 5 1256 Jul 27 (?) Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Fissure 20 km SE of Madinah
0641 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations West of Madinah

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The northern part of Saudi Arabia's largest lava field, 20,000 sq km Harrat Rahat, is seen in this Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left). Harrat Rahat extends for 300 km south of the holy city of Madinah (Medina), the light-colored area at the top-center. Although basaltic scoria cones dominate Harrat Rahat, small shield volcanoes and pelean-type lava domes are also present. The best-known eruption took place in 1256 CE, when the large dark-colored flow seen extending to the upper right traveled 23 km to within 4 km of Madinah.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS001-344-27, 2001 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Harrat Rahat in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites