Harrat Kishb

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 22.8°N
  • 41.38°E

  • 1475 m
    4838 ft

  • 231071
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Kishb.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Kishb.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Kishb.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

1475 m / 4838 ft


Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Phono-tephrite / Tephri-phonolite

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The 5900 sq km Harrat Kishb volcanic field, located east of a N-S-trending line of volcanic fields in central Saudi Arabia, is comprised of basaltic scoria cones, tuff rings and maars, and phonolitic lava domes and flows. Most of Harrat Kishb is of Pleistocene age; Holocene flows are restricted to three areas in the western half of the field. Jabal Aslaj cone and its associated lava flows contain abundant granitic blocks from basement rocks and ultramafic nodules. Jabal Hil is a large scoria cone with a 300-m-wide crater that was filled and overtopped by a lava lake. Harrat Kishb includes several tuff rings and maars, including the 800 x 600 m wide Al Wabah maar in the west-central part of the Harrat. The most recent products of Harrat Kishb, which include the scoria cones and lava flows of Jabal Aslaj and Jabal Hil and the Jabal Shalman lava-dome, lava-flow, and scoria-cone complex, are stratigraphically younger than a pluvial period dated about 6500-4000 years before present.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Brown G F, Schmidt D L, Huffman A C Jr, 1984. Geology of the Arabian Peninsula western shield area. U S Geol Surv, Open-File Rpt, 84:203: 1-217.

Camp V E, Roobol M J, Hooper P R, 1992. The Arabian continental alkali basalt province: Part III. Evolution of Harrat Kishb, Kingdom of Saudia Arabia. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 104: 379-396.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Roobol M J, Camp V E, 1991. Geologic map of the Cenozoic lava field of Harrat Kishb, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia Directorate Gen Min Res, Map GM-132, 1:250,000 Geol map and text.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Harrat Kishb. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Harrat Kishb page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Aslaj, Jabal Pyroclastic cone 23° 15' 0" N 41° 16' 0" E
Hil, Jabal Pyroclastic cone 1475 m 22° 55' 0" N 41° 20' 0" E
Zuwayr, Jabal Vent 1260 m 23° 10' 0" N 41° 26' 0" E


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Al Wahbah Maar 1156 m 22° 54' 0" N 41° 8' 0" E
Simagh, Jabal Maar 22° 48' 0" N 41° 21' 0" E
Umm ad Dulu, Jabal Maar 22° 46' 0" N 41° 21' 0" E


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Abu Haris, Jabal Dome 23° 11' 0" N 41° 23' 0" E
Shalman, Jabal Dome 1333 m 22° 50' 0" N 41° 18' 0" E
Yahi, Jabal Dome 1298 m 23° 57' 0" N 41° 28' 0" E