Harra Es- Sawad

No photo available for this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 13.58°N
  • 46.12°E

  • 1737 m
    5697 ft

  • 231160
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harra Es- Sawad.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harra Es- Sawad.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harra Es- Sawad.

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Harra es-Saw√Ęd (or Shuqra) volcanic field in southern Yemen extends for nearly 100 km along the Gulf of Aden, east of the city of Shuqra (Shaqra). The volcanic field is oriented WSW-ENE and contains about a hundred cones that have produced a 40 x 95 km lava field that blankets faulted basement limestones. Most of the volcanic field is Holocene in age (Cox et al., 1977), and in many cases the flows and cones are essentially uneroded. Although eruptions may have occurred in historical time, the only recorded event was a major, but poorly documented eruption in 1253 CE.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1253 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Shuqra Volcanic Field | Melan Oros | Al-djabal Al-aswad | Sauda, Harra es-


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Haid el-'Arqub Cone
Urais, Jabal
    'Ares, Djebel el-
Cone 1737 m

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Harra Es- Sawad.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Cox K G, Gass I G, Mallick D I J, 1977. Western Part of Shuqra volcanic field, South Yemen. Lithos, 10: 185-192.

Neumann van Padang M, 1963. Arabia and the Indian Ocean. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 16: 1-64.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Harra Es- Sawad Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.