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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 37.75°N
  • 46.43°E

  • 3707 m
    12159 ft

  • 232001
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Sahand.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Sahand.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Sahand.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

3707 m / 12159 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Sahand volcano (Kuh-e-Sahand) is located in NW Iran, about 60 km east of Lake Urmia and 40 km SSE of the city of Tabriz. The massive, extensively eroded calc-alkaline stratovolcano is one of the highest peaks in the Azarbaijan region and reaches a height of 3707 m. Numerous lava domes dot the lower flanks of the volcano. Pleistocene Potassium-Argon dates from 1.2-0.8 million years ago have been obtained (Innocenti et al., 1982), but Karakhanian et al. (2002) stated that eruptions at Sahand continued into the Holocene.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Innocenti F, Manetti P, Mazzuoli R, Pasquare G, Villari L, 1982. Anatolia and north-western Iran. In: Thorpe R S (ed) {Andesites}, New York: John Wiley, p 327-349.

Karakhanian A, Djrbashian R, Trifonov V, Philip H, Arakelian S, Avagian A, 2002. Holocene-historical volcanism and active faults as natural risk factors for Armenia and adjacent countries. J Volc Geotherm Res, 113: 319-344.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Sahand. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Sahand page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Photo Gallery

Sahand volcano (Kuh-e-Sahand) is located in NW Iran, about 60 km east of Lake Urmia and 40 km SSE of the city of Tabriz. The city of Maragheh (darker area at lower left) lies below the southern flanks of the volcano. Numerous lava domes (upper right) occupy the lower flanks of the volcano. The massive calc-alkaline stratovolcano is one of the highest peaks in the Azarbaijan region and reaches a height of 3707 m.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS74-708-25, 1995 (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Sahand in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Sahand Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.