Sabalan

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.268°N
  • 47.835°E

  • 4784 m
    15692 ft

  • 232002
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Sabalan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Sabalan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Sabalan.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
232002

Unknown - Evidence Credible

4784 m / 15692 ft

38.268°N
47.835°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
136
762
103,605
1,961,046

Geological Summary

Sabalan volcano (Kuhha-ye-Sabalan) lies in NW Iran, about 90 km W of the Caspian Sea and west of the city of Ardabil. The andesitic volcano reaches a height of about 4784 m; it forms the highest point in NW Iran and is the country's 2nd highest volcano, exceeded only by Damavand. Seven glaciers descend from the summit, and rock glaciers are also present. Potassium-Argon dates ranged from 5.6 to 1.4 million years ago (Innocenti et al., 1982), but Karakhanian et al. (2002) indicated that activity at Sabalan continued into the Holocene.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Innocenti F, Manetti P, Mazzuoli R, Pasquare G, Villari L, 1982. Anatolia and north-western Iran. In: Thorpe R S (ed) {Andesites}, New York: John Wiley, p 327-349.

Karakhanian A, Djrbashian R, Trifonov V, Philip H, Arakelian S, Avagian A, 2002. Holocene-historical volcanism and active faults as natural risk factors for Armenia and adjacent countries. J Volc Geotherm Res, 113: 319-344.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Sabalan. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Sabalan page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Savalan | Kuhha-ye Sabalan

Photo Gallery


This postage stamp from Kyrgyzstan show Sabalan volcano (Kuhha-ye-Sabalan) in NW Iran. The volcano lies about 90 km west of the Caspian Sea and reaches a height of 4811 m. The glaciated volcano forms the highest point in NW Iran and is the country's 2nd highest volcano, exceeded only by Damavand. Eruptive activity at Sabalan continued into the Holocene.

Courtesy of Jim Whitford-Stark.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Sabalan Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.