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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.268°N
  • 47.835°E

  • 4784 m
    15692 ft

  • 232002
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Sabalan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Sabalan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Sabalan.

Volcano Types


Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Sabalan volcano (Kuhha-ye-Sabalan) lies in NW Iran, about 90 km W of the Caspian Sea and west of the city of Ardabil. The andesitic volcano reaches a height of about 4784 m; it forms the highest point in NW Iran and is the country's 2nd highest volcano, exceeded only by Damavand. Seven glaciers descend from the summit, and rock glaciers are also present. Potassium-Argon dates ranged from 5.6 to 1.4 million years ago (Innocenti et al., 1982), but Karakhanian et al. (2002) indicated that activity at Sabalan continued into the Holocene.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Sabalan. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Sabalan page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Savalan | Kuhha-ye Sabalan

Photo Gallery

This postage stamp from Kyrgyzstan show Sabalan volcano (Kuhha-ye-Sabalan) in NW Iran. The volcano lies about 90 km west of the Caspian Sea and reaches a height of 4811 m. The glaciated volcano forms the highest point in NW Iran and is the country's 2nd highest volcano, exceeded only by Damavand. Eruptive activity at Sabalan continued into the Holocene.

Courtesy of Jim Whitford-Stark.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Innocenti F, Manetti P, Mazzuoli R, Pasquare G, Villari L, 1982. Anatolia and north-western Iran. In: Thorpe R S (ed) {Andesites}, New York: John Wiley, p 327-349.

Karakhanian A, Djrbashian R, Trifonov V, Philip H, Arakelian S, Avagian A, 2002. Holocene-historical volcanism and active faults as natural risk factors for Armenia and adjacent countries. J Volc Geotherm Res, 113: 319-344.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Sabalan Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.