Mayotte Island

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 12.83°S
  • 45.17°E

  • 660 m
    2165 ft

  • 233005
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Mayotte Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Mayotte Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Mayotte Island.

Volcano Types


Tectonic Setting

Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Geological Summary

Mayotte Island in the Mozambique Channel between the northern tip of Madagascar and the eastern coast of Africa consists of two volcanoes with diverse geochemistry that were active from the Pliocene to the Holocene. Lavas on the NE were active from about 4.7 to 1.4 million years and on the south from about 7.7 to 2.7 million years. Mafic activity resumed on the north from about 2.9 to 1.2 million years and on the south from about 2 to 1.5 million years. Morphologically youthful-looking maars are present on Mayotte Island, and Zinke et al. (2003) found several pumice layers of Holocene age in gravity cores on the barrier reef-lagoon complex at Mayotte.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
2050 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
3550 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
4050 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Mayotte Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Mayotte Island.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Debeuf D, Bachelery P, Sigmarsson O, 2003. Two contemporaneous magma series on Mayotte Island, Comores Archipelago, Indian Ocean. EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assemb, Nice, France, 6-11 April 2003, abstr 9625.

Noughier J, Cantagrel J M, Karche J P, 1986. The Comores archipelago in the western Indian Ocean: volcanology, geochronology and geodynamic setting. J Afr Earth Sci, 5: 135-145.

Spath A, Le Roex A P, Duncan R A, 1996. The geochemistry of lavas from the Comores Archipelago, western Indian Ocean: petrogenesis and mantle source region characteristics. J Petr, 97: 961-991.

Zinke J, Reijmer J J G, Thomassin B A, 2003. System tracts sedimentology in the lagoon of Mayotte associated with the Holocene transgression. (Sed Geol, 160: 57-79.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Mayotte Island Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.