- Info & Contacts
The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Mayotte Island.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Mayotte Island.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Mayotte Island.
Mayotte Island in the Mozambique Channel between the northern tip of Madagascar and the eastern coast of Africa consists of two volcanoes with diverse geochemistry that were active from the Pliocene to the Holocene. Lavas on the NE were active from about 4.7 to 1.4 million years and on the south from about 7.7 to 2.7 million years. Mafic activity resumed on the north from about 2.9 to 1.2 million years and on the south from about 2 to 1.5 million years. Morphologically youthful-looking maars are present on Mayotte Island, and Zinke et al. (2003) found several pumice layers of Holocene age in gravity cores on the barrier reef-lagoon complex at Mayotte.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|2050 BCE ± 500 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology|
|3550 BCE ± 500 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology|
|4050 BCE ± 500 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology|
The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Mayotte Island.
The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Mayotte Island.
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Debeuf D, Bachelery P, Sigmarsson O, 2003. Two contemporaneous magma series on Mayotte Island, Comores Archipelago, Indian Ocean. EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assemb, Nice, France, 6-11 April 2003, abstr 9625.
Noughier J, Cantagrel J M, Karche J P, 1986. The Comores archipelago in the western Indian Ocean: volcanology, geochronology and geodynamic setting. J Afr Earth Sci, 5: 135-145.
Spath A, Le Roex A P, Duncan R A, 1996. The geochemistry of lavas from the Comores Archipelago, western Indian Ocean: petrogenesis and mantle source region characteristics. J Petr, 97: 961-991.
Zinke J, Reijmer J J G, Thomassin B A, 2003. System tracts sedimentology in the lagoon of Mayotte associated with the Holocene transgression. (Sed Geol, 160: 57-79.