Boomerang Seamount

No photo available for this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 37.721°S
  • 77.825°E

  • -650 m
    -2132 ft

  • 234000
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Boomerang Seamount.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Boomerang Seamount.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Boomerang Seamount.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
234000

1995 CE

-650 m / -2132 ft

37.721°S
77.825°E

Volcano Types

Submarine
Caldera

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
0

Geological Summary

An active submarine volcano 18 km NE of Amsterdam Island was first discovered during a bathymetric survey in 1996. The volcano, named Boomerang Seamount, rises to within 650 m of the sea surface and has a 2-km-wide summit caldera that is 200 m deep. Rift zones extend SE and north of the basaltic volcano, giving it an arcuate shape. Boomerang Seamount lies along the axis of the Southeast Indian Ridge and marks the site of the Amsterdam-St. Paul hotspot. This hotspot may have been the source of the Ninetyeast Ridge submarine volcanoes on the Australian Plate prior to its "capture" by the Southeast Indian Ridge, after which volcanism was restricted to the Antarctic Plate. Very short half-life radionuclide dating of fresh volcanic glass samples recovered during the 1996 expedition indicated that Boomerang Seamount had erupted only about 5 months earlier (Johnson et al., 2000). Water column temperature anomalies above the seamount suggest the presence of hydrothermal activity within the caldera.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Johnson K T M, Graham D W, Rubin K H, Nicolaysen K, Scheirer D S, Forsyth D W, Baker E T, Douglas-Priebe L M, 2000. Boomerang Seamount: the active expression of the Amsterdam-St. Paul hotspot, Southeast Indian Ridge. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 183: 245-259.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1995 Dec 1 ± 30 days Unknown Confirmed 0 Uranium-series

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Boomerang Seamount.

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Boomerang Seamount.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Boomerang Seamount Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.